Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site (Brazil)

Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site (Brazil)

Fri, 07/14/2017 - 13:56
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Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site is located in central Rio de Janeiro, and encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is in the former harbor area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Africans reaching the South American continent from 1811 onward.

Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site is located in central Rio de Janeiro, and encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square.

It is in the former harbor area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Africans reaching the South American continent from 1811 onward. An estimated 900,000 Africans arrived in South America via Valongo.

The physical site is composed of several archaeological layers, the lowest of which consists of floor pavings in pé de moleque style, attributed to the original Valongo Wharf. It is the most important physical trace of the arrival of African slaves on the American continent.

In addition to the Wharf, the site includes remnants of the Pretos Novos Cemetery, part of the so-called Valongo Garden, built in a wide urban reform of Rio de Janeiro in the first decade of the 20th century as well as the Pedra do Sal, a symbolic location considered the birthplace of samba, a Brazilian music genre and rhythm of African origins.

Its surroundings include a set of port buildings currently undergoing renovation, most notably the building of the Former Dom Pedro II Docks.