Aparados da Serra National Park: Itaimbezinho Canyon (Brazil)

Aparados da Serra National Park: Itaimbezinho Canyon (Brazil)

Fri, 01/07/2022 - 20:18
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Aparados da Serra National Park was created in 1959 as one of Brazil's first national parks. Located within the Serra Geral range in the south of Brazil, it contains rich biodiversity as the result of its diverse relief and of being situated at the intersection between coastal forests, grasslands and Araucaria moist forests.

Aparados da Serra National Park

Aparados da Serra National Park was created in 1959 as one of Brazil's first national parks, in order to protect the Itaimbezinho Canyon. Today, the main goal of the protected area is to conserve the grasslands, forests and cliff vegetation ecosystems.

Aparados da Serra National Park is situated within the Serra Geral range, which is the southern portion of the greater Serra do Mar mountain system. It is located along the border of the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, in the south of Brazil, and extends over an area of 10,250 ha (25,328 acres).

The name "Aparados da Serra" means the rugged transition between the high plateau region and the litoral plain region in which grasslands form.

The main entrance to the park, the Portaria Gralha Azul, is located 20 km (13 mi) southeast of the town of Cambará do Sul.

The main ecotourism attractions of the National Park are the trekking (hiking) and mountain bike trails to the canyon areas.

Aparados da Serra National Park contains rich biodiversity as the result of its diverse relief and of being situated at the intersection between coastal forests, grasslands and Araucaria moist forests.

There have been at least 143 birds, 48 mammals and 39 amphibian species documented in the Aparados da Serra National Park.

Endangered fauna on the plateaus of the park includes the red-spectacled amazon parrot, the maned wolf and the cougar. On the slopes, the neotropical otter, ocelot and the brown howling monkey can be found.

Itaimbezinho Canyon

The Itaimbezinho Canyon is purported to be the largest canyon in Brazil. It is approximately 8 km (5 mi) long and 720 m (2,362 ft) deep and 200 m (656 ft) wide. It is characterized by vertical rocky cliffs, accompanied by little vegetation on its slopes.

The canyon is both spectacularly beautiful and treacherous. "Itaimbe" in Tupi-Guarani means "cut rock."