Bolivian Yungas Ecoregion (South America)

Bolivian Yungas Ecoregion (South America)

Tue, 11/13/2018 - 18:58

The Bolivian Yungas is a tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion in the Yungas of west-central Bolivia and extreme southeastern Peru. Steep terrain, high precipitation, and difficult access have kept much of this ecoregion in a natural state.

The Bolivian Yungas is a tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion in the Yungas of west-central Bolivia and extreme southeastern Peru.

The ecoregion occurs in elevations ranging from 400 to 3,500 m (1,300 to 11,500 ft) on the eastern slopes of the Andes in Bolivia. It forms a transition zone between the Southwest Amazon moist forests to the northeast and the Central Andean puna and wet puna to the southeast.

The habitat is tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest, including montane cloud forest, and other types of evergreen forest. Trees are often lined with various epiphytes, including bromeliads, orchids and tree ferns. Chusquea bamboo characterizes the region. The number of endemic species in this ecoregion is high

The climate in this ecoregion varies from tropical rain forest to tropical monsoon. Fog and rain deposited by northern trade winds contribute to the high humidity and precipitation of the Yungas.

Steep terrain, high precipitation, and difficult access have kept much of this ecoregion in a natural state.