The Bosques Templados de los Andes Australes Biosphere Reserve is comprised of eight national protected areas in southern Chile. Hosting extraordinary biodiversity, it is classified as one of the largest and most ecologically intact forest remnants on Earth.
Bosques Templados de los Andes Australes Biosphere Reserve
The Bosques Templados de los Andes Australes ("Temperate Rain Forests of the Southern Andes") Biosphere Reserve is located in the Los Lagos and Los Ríos regions of southern Chile, as declared by UNESCO in 2007.
With a surface area of 2,168,956 ha (5,359,600 acres), the Biosphere Reserve protects a large portion of the Valdivian temperate rain forest ecoregion. Its summits include the Osorno and Puntiagudo volcanoes as well as Mount Tronador, an extinct stratovolcano that peaks at 3,470 m (11,380 ft) asl.
The area covered by this biosphere reserve was included in a list of 238 ecoregions, among the 800 throughout the world, hosting the planet's most extraordinary and representative biodiversity. It is classified as one of the largest and most ecologically intact forest remnants on Earth by the World Resources Institute (WRI).
At least three tree species found in the Biosphere Reserve are listed as threatened: Fitzroya cupressoides, Araucaria araucana and Pilgerodendron uviferum.
Bosques Templados de los Andes Australes Biosphere Reserve is comprised of the following protected areas:
Villarrica National Park (partially)
Mocho-Choshuenco National Reserve
Llanquihue National Reserve
Futaleufú National Reserve
This Biosphere Reserve corresponds to a section of the Valdivian ecoregion and is a rich mosaic of ecological systems due to its considerable latitudinal and altitudinal gradients compressed in a narrow belt, giving rise to varied climatic, hydrological and soil conditions and a great variety of species and processes.
The main human activities are ecotourism, rural tourism, fishing, animal husbandry, farming, forestry management and aquaculture.
The Bosques Templados de los Andes Australes Biosphere Reserve contains four of the eleven biogeographical subregions identified for this ecoregion:
- Andean Araucaria Forests
- Mixed Nothofagus Forests
- Andean Larch Forests
- Aysen Coastal Forests
Various species of conifers are on the List of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), among them Fitzroya cupressoides, Araucaria araucana and Pilgerodendron uviferum.