Cultural Site

Brasília (Brazil)

Brasília is a unique example of urban planning brought to fruition in the 20th century. It represents the living expression of the principles and ideals advanced by the Modernist Movement and effectively embodied through the urban and architectural planning of Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer.

Churches of Chiloé (Chile)

In the Chiloé Archipelago, off the coast of Chile, are about 70 churches built within a "Circular Mission" framework, introduced by the Jesuits in the 17th century. These churches bear witness to a successful fusion of indigenous and European culture as well as to the spiritual values of the communities.

City of Cuzco (Peru)

Situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco (Cusco) developed into a complex Incan urban center with distinct religious and administrative functions. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city.

City of Potosí (Bolivia)

Potosí is the example par excellence of a major silver mine of the modern era, reputed to be the world’s largest industrial complex in the 16th century. A small pre-Hispanic-period hamlet perched in the Bolivian Andes, Potosí became an "Imperial City" following the visit of Francisco de Toledo in 1572.