The Altiplano Cundiboyacense is a high plateau located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes. The most important city is the capital Bogotá. The altiplano corresponds to the territory of the Muisca who flourished in ancient Colombia between 600 and 1600 CE.
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Historical / Cultural Region
The Coffee Triangle, located in the Paisa region of Colombia at the western end of the Andes Mountains, is famous for growing and producing the majority of Colombian coffee as well as for its steep-sloped valleys and historic architecture.
Cuyo is a historical wine-producing region located in the mountainous area of west-central Argentina. Along with the city of Mendoza, some of Argentina's most popular tourist attractions are found here, including the highest mountain massifs in the Andes.
The Maipo Valley is one of Chile's most important wine-producing regions. Located at the very northern end of Chile's extensive Central Valley, the region extends eastwards from the city of Santiago, Chile's capital, to the Andes and westward toward the Pacific coast.
The Maya region is the largest in Mesoamerica. The region is generally divided into three loosely defined zones within Guatemala, Belize and Mexico: the southern Maya highlands, the southern Maya lowlands and the northern Maya lowlands.
Mesoamerica, which literally means "middle America" in Greek, is a historical and cultural region in Central America. It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and northern Costa Rica.
The Mosquito Coast, also known as the "Miskito Coast", historically included the Miskito kingdom's fluctuating area along the eastern coast of present-day Nicaragua and Honduras. It was named after the local Miskito Amerindians and was long dominated by British interests.
The Petén Basin is a geographical subregion of Mesoamerica and was a center of Maya civilizations. It is primarily located in northern Guatemala and southeastern Mexico. The Maya Forest is the second-largest remaining tropical rainforest in the Americas.
The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley is a semi-arid zone with the richest biodiversity in North America, hosting the densest forests of columnar cacti in the world. Archaeological evidence demonstrates the early domestication of crops and an exceptional water management system of canals, wells, aqueducts and dams.
The Guianas are a region on the north-central coast of South America. Made up of French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname, also known as the "Three G's," it is the least-explored region of South America, home to a melting pot of cultures and vast unspoiled tracts of nature.