The Altiplano Cundiboyacense is a high plateau located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes. The most important city is the capital Bogotá. The altiplano corresponds to the territory of the Muisca who flourished in ancient Colombia between 600 and 1600 CE.
Historical / Cultural Region
The Coffee Triangle, located in the Paisa region of Colombia at the western end of the Andes Mountains, is famous for growing and producing the majority of Colombian coffee as well as for its steep-sloped valleys and historic architecture.
Cuyo is the historical wine-producing region located in the mountainous area of central-west Argentina. Along with the city of Mendoza, some of the most popular tourist attractions in Argentina are found here, including the highest mountain massifs in the Andes.
The Maya region is the largest in Mesoamerica. The region is generally divided into three loosely defined zones within Guatemala, Belize and Mexico: the southern Maya highlands, the southern Maya lowlands and the northern Maya lowlands.
Mesoamerica, which literally means "middle America" in Greek, is a historical and cultural region in Central America. It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and northern Costa Rica.
The Mosquito Coast, also known as the "Miskito Coast", historically included the Miskito kingdom's fluctuating area along the eastern coast of present-day Nicaragua and Honduras. It was named after the local Miskito Amerindians and was long dominated by British interests.
The Petén Basin is a geographical subregion of Mesoamerica and was a center of Maya civilizations. It is primarily located in northern Guatemala and southeastern Mexico. The Maya Forest is the second largest remaining tropical rain forest in the Americas.
The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley is a semi-arid zone with the richest biodiversity in North America, hosting the densest forests of columnar cacti in the world. Archaeological evidence demonstrates the early domestication of crops and an exceptional water management system of canals, wells, aqueducts and dams.
The Guianas are a region on the north-central coast of South America, bounded on the north by the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea, on the east and south by Brazil and on the west by Venezuela. The region includes French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas, also known as the Urubamba Valley, is located within the Peruvian Andes in the present-day Peruvian region of Cusco. The town of Urubamba is located near a number of significant ruins of the Inca Empire including Machu Picchu.