Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve (Argentina)

Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve (Argentina)

Mon, 12/17/2018 - 17:11
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The Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve is located in the Province of Buenos Aires, in the southern part of the Rio de la Plata estuary on Argentina's Atlantic coast. It is situated in a humid and swampy region that comprises fertile pampas grasslands, swamps, wetlands and dry forests.

Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve

The Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve is located in the Province of Buenos Aires, in the southern part of the Rio de la Plata estuary on Argentina's Atlantic coast.

It is situated in a humid and swampy region that comprises pampas grasslands characterized by deep, fertile soils. It includes coastal areas, flooded and unflooded swamps, wetlands and dry forests.

The Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve is part of a larger wetland zone that extends along the right margin of the Río de la Plata estuary.

Mammals such as mountain cat (Felis spp.) and ocelot (Felis pardalis) are found in the reserve.

Río de la Plata thick with sediment during a time of flooding on the lower Paraná River
Río de la Plata thick with sediment during a time of flooding on the lower Paraná River

 

More than 500 inhabitants live in the reserve, engaged in extensive agriculture, cattle grazing and handcrafts.

The Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve has an important heritage of cultural traditions related to cattle industry development ('gauchos' of the Rio de la Plata region) and architectural monuments from European immigrant culture.

In the 19th Century the gaucho became a hero in the War of Independence and the Argentine Civil War. Forming what was known as the Montaneras, these were essentially groups of rural born men from the Rio de la Plata region fighting against centralism of Buenos Aires.

This region has been subjected to the greatest degree of human alteration in the country, and only those parts not suitable for agriculture remain in their natural state. Hunting and timber extraction are also carried out.

Almost 1,100 tourists visit the reserve annually for camping and ecological tourism.