The Atacama Plateau is an arid, high plateau in the Andes of northern Argentina and extending into Chile. The "Puna De Atacama" is a cold, desolate Andean tableland in northwestern Argentina and adjacent regions of Chile.
Potosí is the example par excellence of a major silver mine of the modern era, reputed to be the world’s largest industrial complex in the 16th century. A small pre-Hispanic-period hamlet perched in the Bolivian Andes, Potosí became an "Imperial City" following the visit of Francisco de Toledo in 1572.
Banwari Trace, an Archaic pre-ceramic site in southwestern Trinidad, is the oldest archaeological site in the Caribbean and the deposit is found on the southern edge of the Oropuche Lagoon. In 1969, the Trinidad and Tobago Historical Society discovered the remains of a human skeleton at the site.
The Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino World Heritage site is located on the Pacific Coast of the central part of the Baja California Peninsula and is embedded in the much larger El Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve, encompassing desert, mountain and coastal/marine ecosystems.
Embedded within a dramatic landscape between the Andes and the Amazon Basin, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere, as well as the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization.
The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin and is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It is where the majority of the ecosystems recorded in the Amazon are found.
Rapa Nui National Park is a protected Chilean wildlife area located in Easter Island, which concentrates the legacy of the Rapa Nui culture. This culture displayed extraordinary characteristics that are expressed in singular architecture and sculpture within the Polynesian context.
Viñales Valley, near the western end of the island of Cuba, is an outstanding karst landscape encircled by mountains and dotted with spectacular dome-like limestone outcrops that rise nearly 1,000 ft. The valley is home to an original culture who once worked the tobacco plantations.
Guayabo National Monument, set on the jungle-rich slopes of the Turrialba Volcano, protects one of Costa Rica’s most important archaeological sites, Guayabo de Turrialba. The historic ruins make up the largest pre-Columbian city ever discovered in Costa Rica.
Lomas de Lachay National Reserve is a protected area in the desert foothills of Peru where moisture from coastal mists has created a unique micro-environment of dwarf forest called Lomas, which conceals a plethora of small animals and birds.