Magdalena Valley Montane Forests Ecoregion (South America)

Magdalena Valley Montane Forests Ecoregion (South America)

Tue, 01/29/2019 - 21:25
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The Magdalena Valley montane forests ecoregion is located in the Andes mountains of central Colombia. The ecoregion covers the higher land on both sides of the valley of the Magdalena River in the Colombian Andes. These montane forests have a wet climate, usually with cloud forests.

The Magdalena Valley montane forests ecoregion is located in the Andes mountains of central Colombia. The ecoregion covers the higher land on both sides of the valley of the Magdalena River in the Colombian Andes. These montane forests have a wet climate, usually with cloud forests.

The ecoregion encloses the Magdalena Valley dry forests ecoregion which in turn contains the upper Magdalena River, and the Magdalena-Urabá moist forests ecoregion which contains the lower Magdalena River and extends across the lowlands north of this ecoregion.

The climate is seasonally wet, the rainy seasons occurring between April and June, and again October to December.

The montane forests that grow along the Magdalena river valley, on the inner slopes of the Eastern and Central Cordilleras of the Northern Andes in Colombia, are very rich both in animal and plant diversity and endemic species.

Few areas are still in good conditions due to large scale use of the slopes for coffee growing and farming and also because more than 70% of the Colombian population lives in this region.

The best-preserved areas are the upper Magdalena around the Los Guacharos National Park; the slopes of Nevados del Puracé and Huila, and the Serranía de San Lucas. The remaining areas have forest fragments of variable size.