Médanos de Coro National Park, located along the Isthmus of Médanos on the northwestern coast of Venezuela, protects part of the Paraguana xeric scrub ecoregion. It is known for its massive sand dunes, also known as Médanos.
Médanos de Coro National Park
Médanos de Coro National Park (Parque Nacional Los Médanos de Coro) is a Venezuelan national park located in the state of Falcón, near the city of Coro.
The National Park occupies the sandy Isthmus of Médanos, which connects mainland Venezuela to the Paraguaná Peninsula in the Caribbean Sea. Created in 1974, it covers an area of more than 90 sq km (35 sq mi).
The only extensive area of sand dunes in South America is found here. The massive sand dunes, known as Médanos, spread over an area of approximately 5 by 30 km (3.1 by 18.6 mi). They can reach 40 m (130 ft) in height and are constantly transformed by the unrelenting wind. Rainfall is rare.
Set along the Isthmus of Médanos, on the northern (Caribbean) coast of Venezuela, the National Park is made up of three zones:
- an alluvial plain, formed by the delta of the Mitare River and some smaller streams
- an aeolian plain, composed of three types of dunes
- a littoral plain with a belt of mangrove swamps
Médanos de Coro National Park protects part of the Paraguana xeric scrub ecoregion. It covers 91 sq km (35 sq mi) of desert and coastal habitat, including salt marshes.
Flora consists of little more than thorny shrubs. The park is an Important Bird Area with some 21 species including Yellow-shouldered amazon.
Other fauna is scarce; the park is home mainly to lizards, rabbits, anteaters and foxes.