Pantanos de Centla Ecoregion (Central/North America)

Pantanos de Centla Ecoregion (Central/North America)

Wed, 01/02/2019 - 19:50
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The Pantanos de Centla is a tropical moist forest ecoregion in southern Mexico, which includes seasonally flooded forests and wetlands in the summer. The soils of this ecoregion are some of the most productive in the country and are therefore highly desirable to local agriculture.

The Pantanos de Centla is a tropical moist forest ecoregion in southern Mexico, which includes seasonally flooded forests and wetlands in the summer.

The ecoregion covers an area of 17,200 sq km (6,600 sq mi) in the states of Tabasco and Campeche and consists of a matrix of wetlands, riparian habitats, and moist forests. Species richness is high, although endemism is relatively low.

The soils of this ecoregion are some of the most productive in the country, and are therefore highly desirable to local agriculture. Much of the habitat has been cultivated for agriculture and due to this, it is estimated that only eight percent of the original habitat remains.

The Pantanos de Centla occupy the delta of the Usumacinta and Grijalva rivers, which empty into the Gulf of Mexico and the Laguna de Términos through numerous distributaries. The ecoregion includes year-round wetlands, and freshwater swamp forests which are inundated during the summer rainy season.

The Usumacinta mangroves lie in the brackish-water zone between the Pantanos de Centla and the open water of the Laguna de Términos and the Gulf. The Petén-Veracruz moist forests lie to the west and south, and the Yucatan moist forests lie to the east.