Santa Marta Páramo Ecoregion (South America)

Santa Marta Páramo Ecoregion (South America)

Mon, 11/19/2018 - 16:29
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The Santa Marta páramo is an ecoregion containing páramo (high moorland) vegetation above the treeline in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range on the Caribbean coast of Colombia.

The Santa Marta páramo is an ecoregion containing páramo (high moorland) vegetation above the treeline in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range on the Caribbean coast of Colombia.

The Santa Marta páramo is the most northern section of páramo (high moor) in South America. The isolated Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta has an elevation of 5,775 m (18,947 ft). The páramo is found between the treeline around 3,300 m (10,800 ft) and the snowline around 5,000 m (16,000 ft), with some variations due to differences in slope, rainfall and exposure to the wind and sun.

Due to its isolation, a range of endemic flora and fauna occur here including the genus Cabreriela, Castenedia and Raouliopsis. This ecoregion is included in the jurisdiction of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta National Park, however existing cattle grazing and agricultural development by the indigenous people has severely altered the landscape.