Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
Founded by the Portuguese in 1549 as the first capital of Brazil, Salvador de Bahia is one of the oldest colonial cities in the Americas. The Historic Center is distinguished by its religious, civil and military colonial architecture dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
The sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas in Minais Gerais, Brazil, consists of a church with a Rococo interior, an outdoor stairway decorated with statues of the prophets and seven chapels illustrating the Stations of the Cross, which are masterpieces of a highly original form of Baroque art.
The São Francisco is a major river that rises in the Brazilian highlands and is the fourth largest river system in South America. The river and its basin are an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation.
São Francisco Square in the town of São Cristovão is a historic plaza consisting of an open space surrounded by substantial early buildings. It is a well-preserved example of both the Spanish colonial and the Portuguese Franciscan architecture of northeastern Brazil.
Serra da Capivara National Park, in northeast Brazil, bears exceptional testimony to one of the oldest populations to inhabit South America. It preserves preserves the largest ensemble of archaeological sites and oldest examples of rock art in the Americas: Boqueirão da Pedra Furada.
The Serra da Mantiqueira is a mountain range that spans approximately 320 km (200 mi) across three Brazilian states: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. Rivers formed in these mountains supply a large number of cities in the Southeast Region of Brazil with water.
Serra do Caparaó is a range of mountains located on the border between the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo in southeastern Brazil. Caparaó National Park was created to protect the Caparaó Mountains and the representative Atlantic Forest found here.
The Serra do Espinhaço mountain range represents the largest and most continuous Precambrian orogenic belt in Brazil. The Espinhaço Range Biosphere Reserve includes 16 protected areas: National Parks, State Parks, State Ecological Stations and Municipal Natural Parks.
The Serra do Mar is a coastal system of mountain ranges and escarpments in southeastern Brazil. Serra do Mar State Park and the Serra do Mar Ecological Corridor encompass and protect one of the largest remaining areas of continuous Atlantic Forest.
Serra dos Órgãos is a mountain range in the state of Rio de Janeiro that is part of the larger Serra do Mar system of mountain ranges which overlook Guanabara Bay in southeastern Brazil. Serra dos Órgãos National Park protects the range and its water resources.