Trinidad, together with the nearby Valle de los Ingenios was founded in the early 16th century but owes its existence to the sugar industry that flourished there and in the nearby valley from the late 18th century to the late 19th century.
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park harbors some of the most significant natural habitats for the conservation of terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity in Cuba. It is of global importance as one of the most biologically diverse tropical ecosystems, in an island setting, anywhere on earth.
The Antigua Naval Dockyard and its Related Archaeological Sites consists of a group of Georgian Naval structures, set within a walled enclosure, built at a time when European nations were battling for supremacy of the seas to obtain control over the lucrative sugar-producing islands of the Eastern Caribbean.
The remains of the 19th-century coffee plantations in the foothills of the Sierra Maestra are unique evidence of a pioneer form of agriculture in a difficult terrain. They throw considerable light on the economic, social and technological history of the Caribbean and Latin American region.
Guadeloupe National Park, which encompasses a tropical forest and includes La Soufrière volcano, along with the Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin Nature Reserve, a marine protected area adjacent to the park, together comprise the Archipel de la Guadeloupe Biosphere Reserve.
Approximately 18% of the total land area of Aruba is assigned as Arikok National Park in order to protect and preserve the flora, fauna, geology and historical remains present. The park hosts three primary geological formations and a variety of habitats.
The Baconao Biosphere Reserve is situated in southeastern Cuba, between Santiago de Cuba and the province of Guantanamo, and includes three well-defined biogeographic zones. The area is a large park region which contains a variety of attractions in addition to wildlife refuges and coffee plantations.
Banwari Trace, an Archaic pre-ceramic site in southwestern Trinidad, is the oldest archaeological site in the Caribbean and the deposit is found on the southern edge of the Oropuche Lagoon. In 1969, the Trinidad and Tobago Historical Society discovered the remains of a human skeleton at the site.
The Blue and John Crow Mountains encompass a rugged and forested mountainous region in southeast Jamaica, which provided refuge first for the indigenous Tainos fleeing slavery and then for the formerly enslaved Maroons. Also a National Park, the area is a biodiversity hotspot for the Caribbean.
The Bonaire National Marine Park is the oldest marine reserve in the world. It includes the waters around Bonaire and Klein Bonaire's reef-lined coasts. In 1999 the underwater park received the status of National Park of the Netherlands Antilles.
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is an outstanding, well-preserved example of 17th- and 18th-century military architecture in a Caribbean context. Designed by the British and built by African slave labor, the fortress is testimony to European colonial expansion.