Trinidad, together with the nearby Valle de los Ingenios was founded in the early 16th century but owes its existence to the sugar industry that flourished there and in the nearby valley from the late 18th century to the late 19th century.
Saba National Marine Park encompasses the waters and sea bed encircling the Caribbean island of Saba, from the high water mark to 200 feet in depth. In total, the marine park covers approximately 5 square miles and is managed by the Saba Conservation Foundation.
Sage Mountain National Park is a protected area located on the island of Tortola, British Virgin Islands (BVI). Located to the southwest of the BVI capital, Road Town, the park is named after the highest peak in all of the Virgin Islands.
Saint Barthélemy Nature Reserve, founded in 1996 to protect underwater ecosystems, covers 2,965 acres in five sectors. It was established with the objective of conserving coral reefs, sea grass beds and marine life. The reserve has coral formations in an area of 680 acres.
The Saint Mary’s Biosphere Reserve is located in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles on the island of Saint Kitts. The reserve is an important site in terms of biological diversity, comprising cloud forests, mangroves and coral reefs.
Salt River Bay National Historic Park and Ecological Preserve is located on the island of St. Croix. The protected area preserves upland watersheds, mangrove forests and marine environments. It also contains the the only known site where a Columbus expedition set foot on what is now U.S. territory.
This massive series of fortifications on a rocky promontory was built to protect the important port of Santiago de Cuba. This intricate complex of forts, magazines, bastions and batteries is the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture.
The Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve is located at the eastern part of Cuba's Guaniguanico mountain range. It protects over 100 square miles of tropical forests with evergreen and semi-deciduous environments. It was also the site of the first major coffee plantation in the New World.
The St Eustatius National Marine Park encircles the entire island and extends up to 2 miles offshore. Created in 1966, the park covers 6,800 acres and protects a variety of habitats including pristine, biologically-diverse coral reef, seagrass beds, sandy seabed and open ocean communities.
The Tobago Cays are an archipelago located in the Southern Grenadines of the Lesser Antilles, comprising five small islands and extensive coral reefs. The cays are the key element of the Tobago Cays Marine Park run and owned by the Saint Vincent and the Grenadines government.
Turquino National Park is located in Santiago de Cuba Province, southeastern Cuba. The park is situated within the Sierra Maestra mountain range that runs westward across the south of the old Oriente Province in southeast Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast.