The Central Andean puna ecoregion is a high elevation montane grassland and shrubland in the southern high Andes, extending from southern Peru, though Bolivia, into northern Argentina. Several protected natural areas are found here.
The Central Andean wet puna ecoregion is a high elevation, wet, montane grassland in the southern high Andes, located in the Andean Mountains of Peru and eastern Bolivia and is composed of bunchgrass communities, wetlands, small shrubs and trees, and herbaceous plants.
The Southwest Amazon moist forests cover an extensive area of the Upper Amazon Basin. The inaccessibility of this region has kept most of the habitat intact. Also, there are a number of protected areas, which preserve this extremely biologically rich ecoregion.