Hispaniola is the second largest and most populated island in the Caribbean region. It is located within the Greater Antilles and is divided politically into two separate sovereign nations: the Republic of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
The Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina is located in the western sector of the Caribbean Sea and belongs to the Republic of Colombia. The collection of 10 or so small coral atolls are known as the West Indies department of Colombia.
The Caribbean Plate is a mostly oceanic tectonic plate underlying much of Central America and the Caribbean Sea off the north coast of South America. These borders are regions of intense seismic activity, including frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
The Caribbean Sea and Caribbean Basin are a body of water and suboceanic basin of the western Atlantic Ocean. The entire area of the Caribbean Sea, the numerous islands of the West Indies and adjacent coasts, are collectively known as the Caribbean.
Ciénaga de Zapata (Zapata Swamp) is located within the Zapata Peninsula on the southern coast of Cuba. Both a National Park and Biosphere Reserve, it is one of the largest and most important wetlands in the Caribbean region with a marine borderline.
The Grenadines are a chain of islands and islets located between Grenada and St. Vincent in the Lesser Antilles, noted for its beautiful scenery, spectacular beaches and diverse marine habitats. Its cultural heritage is a result of the blending of African, Carib, East Indian, Portuguese and European influences.
Saint Martin is an island in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. It lies at the northern end of the Leeward Islands group in the Lesser Antilles. The southern third of the island is tied historically and administratively with the Netherlands, the northern two-thirds with France.
Jardines de la Reina is an archipelago off the southern coast of Cuba. Cuba's second largest archipelago, it is formed by more than 250 virgin coral islands and numerous cays. Both a marine reserve and national park, the island group is one of Cuba's largest protected areas.
The Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc forms the eastern boundary of the Caribbean Plate. This subduction process formed a number of volcanic islands, from the Virgin Islands in the north to the islands off the coast of Venezuela in the south.
The La Hotte Biosphere Reserve is located in southeastern Haiti, includes six mountain peaks, and encompasses both terrestrial and marine areas. The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot due to the wide variation in climate, which ranges from humid to subtropical dry.
Montserrat is an island and overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the West Indies, nicknamed "The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean." The Soufrière Hills volcano is an active, complex stratovolcano with many lava domes forming its summit on the Caribbean island.