The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate, made up almost entirely of oceanic crust, that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean. At an estimated 40,000,000 sq miles in size, it is Earth's largest tectonic plate.
The Peninsular Ranges System is a series of six coastal mountain ranges that run from north to south along the entire length of the Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico. The Tres Vírgenes volcanic complex contains the only stratovolcanoes on the peninsula.
The Petén Basin is a geographical subregion of Mesoamerica and a center of Maya civilizations such as Tikal and Calakmul. It is primarily located in northern Guatemala and southeastern Mexico. The Maya Forest is the second largest remaining tropical rain forest in the Americas.
The Sierra de las Minas mountain range runs from east to west through Guatemala's southeast highlands. The Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve contains a substantial part of the range as well as an estimated 60 percent of Guatemala’s remaining cloud forest.
The Sierra Madre is a mountain system that is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges that consists of an almost continuous sequence of ranges that form the western backbone of North America, Central America, South America and West Antarctica.
The Solentiname Islands are an archipelago located in the southeastern part of Lake Nicaragua. They are made up of four larger islands: Mancarroncito, Mancarrón, San Fernando and La Venada. Along with some 32 smaller islands with rocky headlands, they afford shelter to numerous aquatic birds.
The Sonoran Desert, also called Desierto de Altar, is an arid region covering 120,000 sq mi. This North American desert ecoregion covers large parts of northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California and Baja California Sur as well as parts of the southwestern U.S.
Sumidero Canyon is located in the state of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. The Grijalva River runs through the canyon, cutting spectacular walls which exhibit numerous small caves, rock formations and waterfalls. The canyon is surrounded by the Sumidero Canyon National Park.
The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt is located in south-central Mexico and extends east-west across the country from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico. This volcanic arc contains many of the country's tallest mountain peaks.
The Yucatán Peninsula is the exposed portion of the larger Yucatán Platform and lies between the Gulf of Mexico to the west and north, with the Caribbean Sea to the east. It includes the Mexican states of Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán and, in the south, large parts of Belize and Guatemala.