The Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru, known for the soaring Andean Condors that can be seen throughout the year. The Colca Valley is a colorful Andean valley with pre-Inca roots and an area of astounding scenic beauty.
The Continental Divide extends from the most northern reaches of North America, following a ridge of north-south–trending mountain summits, to the most southern reaches of South America. It separates the watersheds that drain into the Pacific from those river systems that drain into the Atlantic.
El Chaltén is a small mountain village in the Patagonian region of southern Argentina, near;the border with Chile. It is a popular base for hiking numerous trails, such as those leading to the base of surrounding peaks and glacial lakes, including Mount Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre.
The Galápagos Islands (Archipiélago de Colón), are an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean, roughly 600 miles west of continental Ecuador. The islands are known for their large number of endemic species and were studied by Charles Darwin during the second voyage of HMS Beagle.
The Guajira Peninsula is located in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. Lake Maracaibo is a large brackish tidal bay lying in the crude oil-rich Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela.
Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias and on its eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations on the shield are called the Guyanan Highlands.
Kaieteur National Park, located in the southern Pakaraima Mountains in the Potaro-Siparuni Region of Guyana, covers a broad range of habitat types and is home to many species unique to the region. The park is especially renowned for the Kaieteur Falls.
Lake Titicaca is a large, deep lake located at the northern end of the endorheic Altiplano basin high in the Andes, on the border of Peru and Bolivia. Ruins on the lake’s bottom, on its shore, and on the islands attest to the previous existence of one of the oldest civilizations known in the Americas.
Llanquihue Lake, situated in the southern Los Lagos Region of Chile, is the largest and one of the best known of Chilean lakes. Osorno volcano stands on the southeastern shore of Llanquihue Lake and is one of the most active volcanoes of the southern Chilean Andes.