Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pacaraima Mountains, a chain of tepui plateaus in South America. It serves as the tripoint of Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. These tabletop mountains are considered to be the oldest geological formations on Earth.
The Serra da Canastra is a mountain range in southeastern Brazil, located within the Brazilian Highlands. Its topography includes cliffs and dramatic waterfalls. Serra da Canastra National Park protects this important watershed, source of the headwaters of the São Francisco River.
The São Francisco is a major river that rises in the Brazilian highlands and is the fourth largest river system in South America. The river and its basin are an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation.
The Scotia Plate and South Sandwich Plate are minor tectonic plates located at the southern edge of the South Atlantic Ocean and the northern edge of the Southern Ocean that surrounds Antarctica. The South Sandwich Islands are located here.
The Scotia Sea is the area of water between the Drake Passage, Tierra del Fuego, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the South Orkney Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. The Scotia Arc is an undersea ridge and island arc bordering the Scotia Sea.
The Serra da Mantiqueira is a mountain range that spans approximately 320 km (200 mi) across three Brazilian states: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. Rivers formed in these mountains supply a large number of cities in the Southeast Region of Brazil with water.
Serra do Caparaó is a range of mountains located on the border between the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo in southeastern Brazil. Caparaó National Park was created to protect the Caparaó Mountains and the representative Atlantic Forest found here.
The Serra do Espinhaço mountain range represents the largest and most continuous Precambrian orogenic belt in Brazil. The Espinhaço Range Biosphere Reserve includes 16 protected areas: National Parks, State Parks, State Ecological Stations and Municipal Natural Parks.
The Serra do Mar is a coastal system of mountain ranges and escarpments in southeastern Brazil. Serra do Mar State Park and the Serra do Mar Ecological Corridor encompass and protect one of the largest remaining areas of continuous Atlantic Forest.
Serra dos Órgãos is a mountain range in the state of Rio de Janeiro that is part of the larger Serra do Mar system of mountain ranges which overlook Guanabara Bay in southeastern Brazil. Serra dos Órgãos National Park protects the range and its water resources.
Serra Geral is an escarpment that is the principal mountain relief of interior southern Brazil. It is located at the southern and eastern reaches of the Paraná Plateau and constitutes the southern portion of the Serra do Mar system. The range is home to several national and state parks.
The Serranía de Chiribiquete are isolated table mountains in the Amazon Region of Colombia at the confluence point of four biogeographical provinces. Chiribiquete National Park - "The Maloca of the Jaguar" is a World Heritage site with both natural and cultural significance.