Historical & Cultural Landmarks in Central/North America

Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá, World Heritage Site

Founded in 1519, Panamá Viejo was the oldest European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. Abandoned in the mid-17th century, it was replaced by today's Historic District, which has preserved its original street plan, its architecture and an unusual mixture of architectural styles.

Centro Histórico: Historic Center of Mexico City and Xochimilco, World Heritage Site

Centro Histórico, the historic center of Mexico City, is the heart of the Mexican capital. Focused on the Zócalo and extending in all directions, historic landmarks include the National Palace, Metropolitan Cathedral and Palace of Fine Arts. Built on the site of a pre-Columbian town, Xochimilco is famous for its floating gardens.

Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatépetl, World Heritage Site (Mexico)

These 14 monasteries stand on the slopes of Popocatépetl to the southeast of Mexico City. They are in an excellent state of conservation and are good examples of the architectural style adopted by the first missionaries who converted the indigenous populations to Christianity in the early 16th century.

Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro, World Heritage Site (Mexico)

The five Franciscan missions of Sierra Gorda were built during the last phase of the conversion to Christianity of the interior of Mexico in the mid-18th century. The richly decorated church facades represent the joint creative efforts of the missionaries and the indigenous people of the Americas.