The Bosque Seco Biosphere Reserve is located in southwestern Ecuador. The dry forests located within the reserve are the most extensive and best preserved in the country; however, their rarity makes them a conservation priority.
The Bosques de Paz Transboundary Biosphere Reserve includes seasonally dry forests that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. The reserve was formed by the joining of two existing biosphere reserves in Ecuador and Peru.
The Chocó Andino de Pichincha Biosphere Reserve is located in northern Ecuador, in the Pichincha province, northwest of the capital city of Quito. The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot. Many archaeological sites of the Yumbo culture can be found in the area.
El Cajas National Park is located in southern Ecuador and features a tundra vegetation on a spectacular jagged landscape of hills and valleys. Home to a large variety of wildlife, it is part of the Macizo del Cajas Biosphere Reserve.
Machalilla National Park rests along Ecuador's Pacific coast. It incorporates beaches, fog forest, dry forest, small islands and two larger islands, Salango and Isla de la Plata. Many of the large mammals in Machalilla National Park are regionally and locally endangered.
The Macizo del Cajas Biosphere Reserve contains a large number of ecosystems, ranging from high mountains to coastal and marine areas along the Pacific. It also includes El Cajas National Park, which features a tundra vegetation on a spectacular jagged landscape.
The Podocarpus-El Condor Biosphere Reserve covers an area of over 2.6 million acres in southern Ecuador. This area, which includes the Podocarpus and El Condor National Parks, is considered to be one of the most important sites for biodiversity in the world.
Situated in the Pacific Ocean some 600+ miles from the South American continent, the protected areas of the Galápagos Islands include: the Galápagos National Park, the Galápagos Marine Reserve, and the Galápagos Biosphere Reserve.
With its outstanding natural beauty and two active volcanoes, Ecuador's Sangay National Park illustrates the entire spectrum of ecosystems, ranging from tropical rain forests to glaciers. Its isolation has encouraged the survival of indigenous species such as the mountain tapir and the Andean condor.
Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park is a protected area in northeastern Ecuador, situated in the provinces of Napo and Orellana in two sectors: the area of the Sumaco volcano and its adjacent areas and the Cordillera de Galeras. In 2010, UNESCO declared the park a Biosphere Reserve.