Amazonia National Park is located in Pará state in north-central Brazil and is situated along the Tapajós River, covering about 3,300 sq mi. Consisting of dense humid tropical forest, the park contains an extremely biodiverse habitat.
The Historic Quarter of Valparaíso represents an extraordinary example of industrial-age heritage associated with the international sea trade. The colonial city presents an excellent example of late 19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America.
The Gran Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland alluvial plain, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina and a portion of Brazil. With a high biodiversity, it contains South America's second largest forest, behind only the Amazon Rainforest.
The Gran Pajatén Biosphere Reserve is nestled between the Andes and Amazon plains and comprises a diversity of natural habitats, notably dry forests and Yungas. It has a rich cultural and historical heritage, linked to 40 archaeological sites dating from the pre-Columbian era.
The Guajira Peninsula is located in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. Lake Maracaibo is a large brackish tidal bay lying in the crude oil-rich Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela.
Guanabara Bay is a picturesque bay of the Atlantic Ocean, located in southeast Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias and on its eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. More than 130 islands dot the bay.
The territory of Guiana Amazonian Park covers 40% of French Guiana, making it the largest national park of France and of the European Union. Difficult to access, it protects one of the strongest biodiversity zones on the planet.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations on the shield are called the Guyanan Highlands.
The Historic Center of Lima bears witness to the architecture and urban development of a Spanish colonial town of great political, economic and cultural importance in Latin America. The city played a leading role in the history of the New World from 1542 to the 18th century.
The Historic Center of Salvador de Bahia is a defensive, administrative and residential neighborhood in a densely built colonial city in the Brazilian northeast. The Historic Center is distinguished by its religious, civil and military colonial architecture dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
The Historic Center of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca is a remarkable example of a planned inland Spanish town that bears witness to the principles of Renaissance urban planning in the Americas. Founded in 1577, it has preserved its original orthogonal plan over four centuries.
Founded in 1540 on the banks of Colombia's River Magdalena, Mompox played a key role in the Spanish colonization of northern South America. The historic center has preserved the harmony and unity of the urban landscape, providing an exceptional picture of what a Spanish colonial city was like.