Amazonia National Park is located in Pará state in north-central Brazil and is situated along the Tapajós River, covering about 3,300 sq mi. Consisting of dense humid tropical forest, the park contains an extremely biodiverse habitat.
The Historic Quarter of Valparaíso represents an extraordinary example of industrial-age heritage associated with the international sea trade. The colonial city presents an excellent example of late 19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America.
The 17th-century core of this historic town, founded by the French and occupied by the Dutch before coming under Portuguese rule, has preserved the original rectangular street plan. A number of fine historic buildings have survived, making this an outstanding example of an Iberian colonial town.
Diamantina, a colonial village set like a jewel in a necklace of inhospitable rocky mountains in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, recalls the exploits of diamond prospectors in the 18th century and testifies to the triumph of human cultural and artistic endeavor over the environment.
Goiás testifies to the occupation and colonization of the lands of central Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries. The urban layout is an example of the organic development of a mining town, adapted to the conditions of the site. Although modest, both public and private architecture form a harmonious whole.
The Historic City of Sucre, first capital of Bolivia, was founded by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century. Its many well-preserved 16th-century religious buildings illustrate the blending of local architectural traditions with styles imported from Europe.
Paramaribo is a former Dutch colonial town from the 17th and 18th centuries planted on the northern coast of tropical South America. The original street plan of the historic center remains intact. Its buildings illustrate the fusion of Dutch architectural influence with traditional local techniques and materials.
Colonia del Sacramento is located at the tip of a short peninsula with a strategic position on the north shore of Uruguay's Río de la Plata. The Historic Quarter is a fusion of Portuguese, Spanish and post-colonial styles. The buildings date from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.
Embedded within a dramatic landscape at the meeting point between the Andes and the Amazon Basin, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere as well as the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization.
Founded at the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto was the focal point of the gold rush and Brazil’s golden age in the 18th century. With the exhaustion of the gold mines in the 19th century, the city’s influence declined but many churches, bridges and fountains remain as a testimony to its past prosperity.
The historical center of Arequipa, the present capital of the Arequipa Region, is an outstanding example of a colonial settlement challenged by the natural conditions, the indigenous influences, the process of conquest and evangelization, as well as the spectacular nature of its setting.
Hornopirén National Park is located in the Palena Province of Chile's Los Lagos Region. As part of the Andes mountain chain, the park contains 186 sq mi of rugged mountains and unspoiled Valdivian temperate rain forests. The park is dominated by glacier-carved mountains and active volcanoes.