Trinidad, together with the nearby Valle de los Ingenios was founded in the early 16th century but owes its existence to the sugar industry that flourished there and in the nearby valley from the late 18th century to the late 19th century.
The Spanish system of fortifications in San Juan, Puerto Rico, is the oldest European construction in the United States and one of the oldest in the New World. These fortifications guarded the entrance to San Juan Bay and protected Spanish commerce in the Caribbean basin.
Morne Trois Pitons National Park is a World Heritage Site located in Dominica. Luxuriant natural tropical forest blends with scenic volcanic features, centered on the volcano known as Morne Trois Pitons, while hosting the richest biodiversity in the Lesser Antilles.
These Haitian monuments date from the beginning of the 19th century, when Haiti proclaimed its independence. The Palace of Sans Souci, the buildings at Ramiers and the Citadel serve as universal symbols of liberty, being the first monuments to be constructed by black slaves who had gained their freedom.
Havana, founded in 1519 by the Spanish, became one of the Caribbean's main centers for shipbuilding. Its old center retains a mix of Baroque and neoclassical monuments and its defensive installations includes some of the oldest and largest stone fortifications now standing in the Americas.
The Pitons Management Area in the southwest of Saint Lucia contains the greater part of a collapsed stratovolcano within the volcanic system known to geologists as the Soufriere Volcanic Center. The twin Pitons, two towering volcanic spires, are the major iconic landmarks of the Caribbean island.
This massive series of fortifications on a rocky promontory was built to protect the important port of Santiago de Cuba. This intricate complex of forts, magazines, bastions and batteries is the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture.
The historic town of Cienfuegos, on Cuba's southern coast, exhibits an important interchange of influences based on the Spanish Enlightenment and its is an outstanding early example of their implementation in urban planning in Latin America in the 19th century.
Viñales Valley, near the western end of the island of Cuba, exhibits an outstanding karst landscape, encircled by mountains and dotted with spectacular dome-like limestone outcrops that rise nearly 1,000 ft. The valley is home to an original culture who once worked the tobacco plantations.