Trinidad, together with the nearby Valle de los Ingenios was founded in the early 16th century but owes its existence to the sugar industry that flourished there and in the nearby valley from the late 18th century to the late 19th century.
The Historic Center of Camagüey World Heritage site constitutes an outstanding urban architectural type in Latin America, featured by its irregular urban layout that produced an unusual system of squares, minor squares, serpentine streets, alleys, urban blocks and plots system.
The Spanish system of fortifications in San Juan, Puerto Rico, is the oldest European construction in the United States and one of the oldest in the New World. These fortifications guarded the entrance to San Juan Bay and protected Spanish commerce in the Caribbean basin.
Morne Trois Pitons National Park is a World Heritage Site located in Dominica. Luxuriant natural tropical forest blends with scenic volcanic features, centered on the volcano known as Morne Trois Pitons, while hosting the richest biodiversity in the Lesser Antilles.
These Haitian monuments date from the beginning of the 19th century, when Haiti proclaimed its independence. The Palace of Sans Souci, the buildings at Ramiers and the Citadel serve as universal symbols of liberty, being the first monuments to be constructed by black slaves who had gained their freedom.
The Pitons Management Area in the southwest of Saint Lucia contains the greater part of a collapsed stratovolcano within the volcanic system known to geologists as the Soufriere Volcanic Center. The twin Pitons, two towering volcanic spires, are the major iconic landmarks of the Caribbean island.
This massive series of fortifications on a rocky promontory was built to protect the important port of Santiago de Cuba. This intricate complex of forts, magazines, bastions and batteries is the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture.
The historic town of Cienfuegos, on Cuba's southern coast, exhibits an important interchange of influences based on the Spanish Enlightenment and its is an outstanding early example of their implementation in urban planning in Latin America in the 19th century.
Viñales Valley, near the western end of the island of Cuba, exhibits an outstanding karst landscape, encircled by mountains and dotted with spectacular dome-like limestone outcrops that rise nearly 1,000 ft. The valley is home to an original culture who once worked the tobacco plantations.