Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
Chavín de Huántar gave its name to the culture that developed between 1500 and 300 B.C. in this high valley of the Peruvian Andes. Chavin is one of the earliest and best known pre-Columbian sites and represents an important expression of the decorative arts and construction techniques of its time.
Situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco (Cusco) developed into a complex Incan urban center with distinct religious and administrative functions. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city.
The Historic Center of Lima bears witness to the architecture and urban development of a Spanish colonial town of great political, economic and cultural importance in Latin America. The city played a leading role in the history of the New World from 1542 to the 18th century.
Embedded within a dramatic landscape between the Andes and the Amazon Basin, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere, as well as the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization.
The historical center of Arequipa, the present capital of the Arequipa Region, is an outstanding example of a colonial settlement challenged by the natural conditions, the indigenous influences, the process of conquest and evangelization, as well as the spectacular nature of its setting.
Situated in the Cordillera Blanca, Huascarán National Park and Biosphere Reserve protects the heart of the world's highest tropical mountain range in the central Peruvian Andes. The deep ravines, glacial lakes and variety of vegetation make it a site of spectacular beauty.
Manú National Park is a world-renowned haven of biodiversity, at the meeting point of the Tropical Andes and the Amazon Basin, in southwestern Peru. As a vast, geographically and economically isolated watershed, the still roadless property has been spared from most human impacts.
The Nazca Lines are a group of very large geoglyphs formed by depressions or shallow incisions made in the soil of the Nazca Desert in southern Peru between 500 BC and 500 AD. The site is one of the most impressive-looking archaeological areas in the world.
Río Abiseo National Park is situated on the eastern slope of the tropical Andes in north-central Peru. The property harbors several forest types, Paramo grasslands and extraordinary archaeological values spanning at least eight millennia of human history.