The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
The Andean Patagonian Forest spreads over steep elevations along a thin strip on both sides of the Andes Mountains in southern South America. These temperate forests, located in both southern Chile and Argentina, are the southernmost forests on earth.
The Andino Norpatagónica Biosphere Reserve is located in Argentina's northwestern Patagonia. It includes five National Parks and numerous other protected areas of Argentina. The landscape is mostly mountainous, dominated by the Andes in the west with sub-Andean plains and plateaus in the east.
The Atacama Plateau is an arid high plateau in the Andes of northern Argentina and extending into Chile. The "Puna de Atacama" is a cold desolate Andean tableland in northwestern Argentina and adjacent regions of Chile.
Calilegua is the largest national park in the Argentine Northwest, covering a biologically diverse environment. It is also the largest protected area in Argentina dedicated to the conservation of subtropical evergreen mountain rain forests known as Southern Andean Yungas.
Cape Horn is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile. The Diego Ramírez Islands are a small group of islands located southwest of Cape Horn. The Drake Passage is the body of water between Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.
The Chilean Andes and Argentine Andes form most of the border between Chile and Argentina and make up the highest section of the Andes range. The Dry Andes and Wet Andes, along with the Patagonian Andes and Fuegian Andes, are climatic and glaciological subdivisons.
Situated on the the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, the city of Ushuaia lies at the southern tip of South America. Ushuaia, the capital of Tierra del Fuego Province, claims the title of the southernmost city of both Argentina and the world.
The Costero del Sur Biosphere Reserve is located in the Province of Buenos Aires, in the southern part of the Rio de la Plata estuary on Argentina's Atlantic coast. It is situated in a humid and swampy region that comprises fertile pampas grasslands, swamps, wetlands and dry forests.
Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas, contains an assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago. The people responsible for the paintings may have been the ancestors of the historic hunter-gatherer communities of Patagonia found by European settlers in the 19th century.
The Curutchet House of La Plata, Argentina, was chosen by UNESCO from the work of Le Corbusier as an outstanding contribution to the Modern Movement: a testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language that made a break with the past.