Sometimes referred to as Amazônia, the Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Nine countries have some parts of the Amazon region within their borders.
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Biome / Ecosystem
The Andean Patagonian Forest spreads over steep elevations along a thin strip on both sides of the Andes Mountains in southern South America. These temperate forests, located in both southern Chile and Argentina, are the southernmost forests on earth.
The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.
The Atlantic Forest, or Mata Atlântica, runs along the coast of eastern and southeastern Brazil, stretching inland into Argentina and Paraguay. Although only a small part of the original forests remain, it is still one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet.
The Caatinga of Brazil is the largest dry forest region in South America and also one of the richest dry forests in the world, providing habitat for an array of flora and fauna species. It is home to 26 million people and over 2000 species of plants and animals.
The Cerrado is the largest savanna region in South America and the largest ecoregion in the Americas. It encompasses central Brazil as well as small portions of Paraguay and Bolivia. Biologically the richest savanna in the world, it contains extraordinary biodiversity.
Chihuahuan Desert: Chihuahuan Desert Ecoregion (Mexico) The Editor Thu, 04/11/2019 - 20:44
The Chihuahuan Desert stretches all the way from the southwestern United States deep into the Central Mexican Highlands. Bounded by the Sierra Madre range, this sheltered desert ecoregion is unique, encompassing one of the most biologically diverse arid regions on Earth.
Gran Chaco, also known as Dry Chaco or simply Chaco, is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland alluvial plain, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina and a portion of Brazil. With high biodiversity, it contains South America's second largest forest.
The Llanos (Los Llanos) is a vast tropical grassland plain situated to the east of the Andes Mountains in northwestern South America. It is an ecoregion of the flooded grasslands and savannas biome.
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System is a marine region, underwater ecosystem and geological structure that stretches from the Yucatán Peninsula down to Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. This underwater wilderness of coral provides homes and food to hundreds of species.