Mexico is located in the southern portion of North America and is the third largest country in Latin America. A biodiverse country, it encompasses arid deserts and scrublands, tropical rainforests, temperate forests and grasslands, mangrove swamps, alpine ecosystems, and coral reefs.
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The archaeological site of Palenque, in the Mexican state of Chiapas, is one of the most outstanding Classic period sites of the Maya area. Palenque is an incomparable achievement of Mayan art and illustrates one of the most significant achievements of mankind in the American continent.
This sacred site was one of the greatest Mayan centers of the Yucatán Peninsula. The fusion of Mayan construction techniques with new elements from central Mexico makes Chichen-Itza one of the most important examples of the Mayan-Toltec civilization in Yucatán.
The holy city of Teotihuacán was built between the 1st and 7th centuries A.D. and is characterized by the vast size of its monuments. As one of the most powerful cultural centers in Mesoamerica, Teotihuacán extended its cultural and artistic influence throughout the region and even beyond.
The ruins of the ceremonial structures at Uxmal, located in southwestern Yucatán, represent the pinnacle of late Maya art and architecture in their design, layout and ornamentation. The complex of Uxmal admirably demonstrates the social and economic structure of late Maya society.
The cultural landscape of the Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla, in subtropical Oaxaca, demonstrates the link between man and nature that gave origin to the domestication of plants in North America, thus allowing the rise of Mesoamerican civilizations.
San Miguel de Allende acted as a melting pot where Spaniards, Creoles and Amerindians exchanged cultural influences while the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco constitutes an exceptional example of the exchange between European and Latin American cultures.
The Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve is located in the northwest part of the Yucatán Península, in a coastal strip that includes the limits of the Campeche and Yucatán States. It encompasses coastal areas of the Gulf of Mexico and includes important Ramsar-designated wetlands.
The Ría Lagartos Biosphere Reserve features a variety of mangroves, small estuaries, coastal lagoons, marshes and savannah. Located at the eastern end of the Yucatán Peninsula, it is home to a variety of species, a substantial number of which are rare, vulnerable and endangered.
The Río Bravo or more formally the Río Bravo del Norte, in Mexico, is known as the Rio Grande in the United States. The river flows generally southward for approximately 1,900 mi, forming the border between Mexico and the U.S. state of Texas, before emptying into the Gulf of Mexico.
The rock art of the Sierra de San Francisco region of Baja California is one of the most outstanding concentrations of prehistoric art in the world. They form part of Central Baja California's 'great mural tradition' and are protected by Mexican law.