Amazônia, or "The Amazon," is a vast and awe-inspiring region of South America. Often called the "lungs of the Earth," this immense lush green forest, stretching across nine countries, is home to unparalleled plant and animal life, making it one of the Earth's most biodiverse ecosystems. Comprising the Amazon rainforest, the Amazon biome, the Amazon basin, and the Amazon River, Amazônia plays a crucial role in regulating the planet's climate and producing oxygen.
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Natural Regions of South America
Nestled in the northeastern reaches of Brazil, Chapada Diamantina unfolds as a vibrant region of extraordinary landscapes and rugged mountainous terrain within the Brazilian Highlands. This region is situated within the Brazilian Highlands and is geographically diverse and culturally rich. Chapada Diamantina National Park, an integral part of the Chapada Diamantina region, is a testament to its ecological importance.
The Iwokrama Forest is a vast pristine tropical rainforest in central Guyana. It is situated within the Guiana Shield region, which is recognized as one of the world's last remaining wilderness areas.
Situated in southeastern Venezuela, La Gran Sabana unfolds as a captivating segment of the Guianan Savanna ecoregion. Stretching into the Guiana Highlands and Bolívar State, it extends to the borders of Brazil and Guyana within the Canaima National Park. This vast expanse is a haven for biodiversity, hosting unique ecosystems shaped by the region's diverse topography.
Mesopotamia, a captivating geographical region in Argentina, embraces the provinces of Misiones, Corrientes, and Entre Ríos. Nestled "between the rivers," the Paraná River to the west, and the Uruguay River to the east, Mesopotamia's diverse landscapes and ecosystems offer a unique blend of natural wonders. The Missionary Jungle is a vital component of the region's environmental wealth.
Patagonia is a distinct geographical region at the base of South America, spanning the southern areas of Argentina and Chile. Sparsely populated, Patagonia is known for its arid plains, breathtaking mountain vistas, lakes, glaciers, and bountiful, diverse wildlife.
The Peruvian Andes, part of the greater Andes system of South America, are formed by three main cordilleras that traverse the entire country. The Sierra natural region features fertile river valleys, high plains, deep canyons and the Altiplano plateau.