The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is an isolated mountain range separated from the Andes chain that runs through Colombia. Just 26 miles from the Caribbean coast, it is one of the world's highest coastal ranges, culminating in the snowcapped Cristóbal Colón, the highest peak in Colombia.
La Guajira Peninsula, Gulf of Venezuela and Lake Maracaibo (South America)
Mon, 04/08/2019 - 22:01
The Guajira Peninsula is located in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. The Gulf of Venezuela is an inlet of the Caribbean Sea bounded by Venezuela and Colombia. Lake Maracaibo is a large brackish tidal bay lying in the crude oil-rich Maracaibo Basin of northwestern Venezuela.
Sometimes simply referred to as the Amazon (or Amazonia), the Amazon Rainforest is a region in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon within their borders.
Venezuelan Andes Montane Forests Ecoregion (South America)
Mon, 04/01/2019 - 17:05
The Venezuelan Andes Montane Forests ecoregion is located in the northern arm of the Andes. Surrounded by xeric valleys and páramo, the richness of species and large number of endemic species make this ecoregion one of the most interesting areas of Venezuela in terms of biodiversity.
Utría National Natural Park (Colombia)
Fri, 03/29/2019 - 12:58
The Utría National Natural Park contains diverse flora and fauna in a lush, mountainous rain forest environment with some of the highest rainfall in the world. Located on the Pacific coast of Colombia, the park overlaps indigenous territory and includes fishing villages along the coast.
Guiana Shield (South America)
Thu, 02/07/2019 - 20:46
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate. It is a 1.7 billion-year-old Precambrian geological formation in northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast. The higher elevations on the shield are called the Guiana Highlands.
The Chocó-Darién moist forests ecoregion extend along most of the Pacific coast of Colombia and extend north into Panama along the Caribbean coast. They are bounded to the east by the Andes. The region has extremely high rainfall, and the forests hold great biodiversity.
The Magdalena Valley montane forests ecoregion is located in the Andes mountains of central Colombia. The ecoregion covers the higher land on both sides of the valley of the Magdalena River in the Colombian Andes. These montane forests have a wet climate, usually with cloud forests.
The Magdalena Valley dry forests ecoregion is located in Colombia along the upper Magdalena River. There are many endemic species, but much of the original habitat has been destroyed by agriculture and over-grazing.
Los Nevados National Natural Park is located in the Cordillera Central of the Colombian Andes, the heart of the Colombian coffee region. The volcano Nevado del Ruiz dominates Los Nevados. Within the park are three snow-capped volcanoes as well as a myriad of lakes.