Elqui Valley: Wine Region (Chile)

Elqui Valley: Wine Region (Chile)

Mon, 08/31/2020 - 09:30

The Elqui Valley is a region comprising the basin of the Elqui River, which flows from the western Andes to the Pacific Ocean in the north of Chile. Elqui is famous for its stunning landscapes, bright sunshine, pure air, and clear skies. The Elqui region produces wines, table grapes, fruits, and Pisco.

Elqui Valley

The Elqui Valley is a region comprising the basin of the Elqui River, which rises in the western Andes Mountains and flows into the Pacific Ocean near the northern Chilean city of La Serena.

Elqui Province is famous for its stunning landscape, bright sunshine, pure air, and clear skies (the region is home to some astronomical observatories).

The region lies approximately 400 km (250 mi) north of Santiago, at the southern end of the Atacama Desert in the Near North (Norte Chico) geographic region. It is known for producing table grapes and other fruits and Pisco (a local brandy).

Norte Chico is one of the five natural regions into which CORFO (Corporation for the Promotion of Production) divided continental Chile in 1950.

Norte Chico is a highly mountainous district where distinct ranges or elongated spurs cross the country from the Andes to the coast, forming transverse valleys of incredible beauty and fertility. The most famous of these is the Elqui Valley.

The valley is situated in the Elqui River basin. The Puclaro reservoir is located here at approximately 430 m (1,400 ft) above sea level in a sector known as Angostura Puclaro.

The valley benefits from its water resources and long periods of sunshine during the year. This environment is excellent for the production of fruits and vegetables as well as the cultivation of grapes.

About a quarter of the toponymy in Elqui Valley is of indigenous origin, overwhelmingly Quechua and Mapuche.

Pisco Elqui

Pisco Elqui is one of the main tourist destinations in the Elqui Valley. The town is famous for its most important export product to the rest of Chile, the grape brandy known as Pisco.

Named initially La Greda and later changed to La Union, the town's name was changed again to Pisco Elqui in 1936. This last name change was made to reinforce Chile's claim, disputed by Peru, to be the country of origin of the Pisco Sour, Chile's national drink.

Wine Region

The Elqui Valley is considered northern Chile's most commercially viable wine-producing region. The region's vineyards extend from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Andes Mountains in the east and rise to 2,000 m (6,500 ft).

Wine production began here in the 1990s when Chilean wine producers began to look at potential viticulture sites outside the Chilean Central Valley. Since then, many hectares of vines have been planted, mainly along the river valley, where grape growers can access high-quality water for irrigation.

The region has clay, silt and chalk soil and is characterized by a sunny, desert-like climate. It generally receives less than 70 mm (2.8 in) of annual rainfall. The landscape is characterized by dry, rocky terrain, steep valleys, and temperate hills, cooled by strong winds from the Pacific Ocean and the Chilean Andes.

Traditionally the region focused exclusively on producing Chile's trademark brandy Pisco, but today the valley's vineyards are producing bright, intensely aromatic wines, most notably Sauvignon Blanc and Syrah.