Spanning about 2,700 miles north to south, Chile’s natural landscape includes desert, grasslands, and shrublands as well as both temperate and tropical forests. Chile is generally divided by geographers into five regions or zones each having its own characteristic vegetation, fauna, climate, and topography.
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Alberto de Agostini National Park is a protected area in southern Chile that includes the Cordillera Darwin mountain range, the final land-based stretch of the Andes before it becomes a chain of mountains appearing as small islands that sink into the Pacific Ocean.
Alerce Andino National Park is located in the Andes, in the Los Lagos Region of Chile. The centerpiece of this lush and mountainous protected area is the Alerce forests. The Alerce can surpass 164 ft in height and live over 4,000 years.
Alerce Costero National Park is a protected area located in the Los Ríos Region of southern Chile. Situated within the Cordillera Pelada, part of the larger Chilean Coastal Range, the national park hosts a forest of endangered Patagonian cypress.
The Altiplano is a high plateau region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. The bulk of the Altiplano-Puna plateau lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina. The Altiplano Basin is a sedimentary basin located on the plateau.
The Altiplano-Puna volcanic complex is a major caldera and silicic ignimbrite volcanic field located in the southern portion of the Altiplano-Puna plateau, an elevated dry region in the central Andes that includes parts of Argentina, Bolivia and Chile. It includes two active geothermal fields: El Tatio and Sol de Manana.
The Andean Patagonian Forest spreads over steep elevations along a thin strip on both sides of the Andes Mountains in southern South America. These temperate forests, located in both southern Chile and Argentina, are the southernmost forests on earth.
The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the South American coast, segmented into four main areas of active volcanism. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and eruptions occur due to the movement and collision of tectonic plates.
The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
The Araucarias Biosphere Reserve is situated in the southern part of the volcanic Andes chain in south-central Chile. Conguillío National Park constitutes the core area and includes the Llaima volcano, one of the largest and most active volcanoes in Chile.
The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.