The Caribbean is the only region of the Americas where people settled an archipelago with some islands not visible from surrounding areas. Despite more than a century of research, there are still many questions about when they migrated and what routes they took.
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Archaeological Sites in the Caribbean
The First Coffee Plantations in the Southeast of Cuba is a cultural landscape illustrating colonial coffee production. A pioneer form of agriculture, they throw considerable light on the economic, social and technological history of the Caribbean and Latin American region.
Banwari Trace, an Archaic pre-ceramic site in southwestern Trinidad, is the oldest archaeological site in the Caribbean and the deposit is found on the southern edge of the Oropuche Lagoon. Banwari Man is considered to be the oldest skeleton found in the Caribbean.
The Antigua Naval Dockyard (also known as Nelson's Dockyard) and its related facilities were built at English Harbour, at a time when European nations were battling for supremacy of the seas, to obtain control over the lucrative sugar producing islands of the Eastern Caribbean.
La Isabella was founded by Christopher Columbus during his second voyage in 1493 and was the first European town in America. It was intended to be Columbus's home in the New World and a base from which to establish Spanish presence and dominion in the West Indies.
Salt River Bay National Historic Park and Ecological Preserve are located on the island of Saint Croix, USVI. The protected area preserves upland watersheds, mangrove forests and marine environments. It also contains the only known site where a Columbus expedition set foot on what is now U.S. territory.