Argentina is a vast country with diverse geography, home to several mountain ranges spread across different regions. From the towering peaks of the Andes to the picturesque hills of the Sierra de la Ventana, Argentina's mountains provide a diverse range of experiences for travelers and outdoor enthusiasts.
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The Blue and John Crow Mountains encompass a rugged and forested mountainous region in southeast Jamaica, which provided refuge first for the indigenous Tainos fleeing slavery and then for the formerly enslaved Maroons. It is a biodiversity hotspot for the Caribbean and a National Park.
The Bolivian Andes is composed primarily of two ranges or cordilleras. The Cordillera Occidental is characterized by volcanic activity. The much older Cordillera Oriental, also known as the "Cordillera Real," is an impressive snow-capped series of granite mountains.
The Chilean Andes and Argentine Andes form most of the border between Chile and Argentina, making up the highest section of the Andes range. The Dry Andes, Wet Andes, Patagonian Andes and Fuegian Andes are climatic and glaciological subdivisions.
The Chilean Coastal Range is a mountain range that runs from north to south along the Pacific coast of South America and parallels the Andes Mountains. The Chilean Central Valley is the depression between the Coastal Range and the Chilean Andes.
The Colombian Andes consist of three parallel mountain chains: Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental. The Andean Natural Region is Colombia's most populated natural region, containing most of the country's urban centers.
The Cordillera Blanca is a mountain range in Peru that is part of the larger Andes mountain system. It is located in the north-central part of the Cordillera Occidental (the westernmost part of the Peruvian Andes) and is the world's highest tropical mountain range.
The Cordillera de Guanacaste is a volcanic mountain range in northwestern Costa Rica, near the border with Nicaragua. The mountain range forms part of the southern region of the Continental Divide and contains several volcanic peaks and protected areas.
The Cordillera de Talamanca is a mountain range that lies in the southeast half of Costa Rica and the far west of Panama. The range rises from sea level on the Caribbean side to over 12,000 ft and then drops back down to the General Valley on the Pacific side.
The Cordillera de Vilcabamba is a small mountain range located within the Cordillera Central of the Peruvian Andes in the Cusco region of Peru. The range extends northwestward from the city of Cusco and contains Machu Pichu.
The Cordillera Huayhuash is a mountain range within the Peruvian Andes. The range is a compact but spectacular cluster of summits comprising dozens of snowy peaks, considered by many adventure and nature lovers as one of the most spectacular trekking circuits in the Andes.