The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends north-south from Caribbean Venezuela through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy, wet Cape Horn.
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The Cordillera Negra is part of the Cordillera Occidental, one of three ranges in the Peruvian Andes system of west-central Peru. The range has rocky peaks with very little winter snowfall. The gullies of the range are gloomy, dark, and mostly dry.
The Cordillera Occidental, or Western Cordillera, of Bolivia is a mountain range in extreme western Bolivia, forming a natural border with Chile. The range is part of the Andes Mountains system, which, in turn, is part of the American Cordillera.
The Cordillera Oriental of Bolivia is part of the Andes Mountains system. It is the easternmost of Bolivia's two main ranges and separates the lowlands of the Amazon River basin to the east from the Altiplano to the west. The northern section of the range is known as the Cordillera Real.
The Cordillera Vilcanota is a mountain range in southeastern Peru that constitutes one of the southern branches of the Cordillera Occidental. Vinicunca, or "Rainbow Mountain," is a natural landmark. Ausangate, significant in Incan mythology, is the tallest peak in the range.
The Ecuadorian Andes are divided into parallel volcanic cordilleras that form Ecuador's central Andean highlands region. This Sierra natural region contains ten major basins that contain roughly half of Ecuador's population.
The Maya Mountains are a range of hills in west-central Belize that take their name from the Maya people who built great centers in the region. The Cockscomb Range is a spur of the Maya Mountains and includes Victoria Peak, a national monument of Belize.
The Peninsular Ranges System is a series of six coastal mountain ranges running from north to south along the entire Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico. The Tres Vírgenes volcanic complex contains the only stratovolcanoes on the peninsula.
The Peruvian Andes, part of the greater Andes system of South America, are formed by three main cordilleras that traverse the entire country. The Sierra natural region features fertile river valleys, high plains, deep canyons and the Altiplano plateau.
The Serra da Canastra is a mountain range in southeastern Brazil, located within the Brazilian Highlands. Its topography includes cliffs and dramatic waterfalls. Serra da Canastra National Park protects this vital watershed, the source of the headwaters of the São Francisco River.
The Serra da Mantiqueira mountain range, part of the Brazilian Cordillera in southeastern Brazil, spans three states: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. In addition, rivers formed in these mountains supply many cities in the Southeast Region with water.