Altiplano / Puna (South America)
Thu, 04/04/2019 - 17:32
The Altiplano, also called Puna, is a region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. It is the most extensive area of high plateau on Earth outside Tibet. The bulk of the Altiplano lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina.
Amazonia: Amazon Rainforest, River, Basin and Biome (South America)
Mon, 04/08/2019 - 21:23
Sometimes referred to as Amazonia, the Amazon Rainforest is a natural region and biome in northern South America that occupies the Amazon Basin, a drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in South America. Nine nations have some part of the Amazon within their borders.
The Andean Patagonian Forest spreads over steep elevations along a thin strip on both sides of the Andes Mountains in southern South America. These temperate forests, located in both southern Chile and Argentina, are the southernmost forests on earth.
Atacama Desert / Atacama Desert Ecoregion (South America)
Mon, 03/11/2019 - 14:48
The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world and one the top three tourist destinations in Chile.
The Atlantic Forest, or Mata Atlântica, extends along the Atlantic coast of northeast Brazil, south along the coastline and inland into northeast Argentina and eastern Paraguay. Although only a small part of the original forests remain it is still one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet.
The Brazilian Highlands are an extensive geographical region and is the main source of the nation’s abundant mineral wealth. Covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil, the rugged highlands include steep cliffs, flat-topped plateaus, ravines, rolling hills, and rock outcrops.
The Chihuahuan Desert is the largest desert region in North America, stretching all the way from the southwestern United States deep into the Central Mexican Highlands. This sheltered desert ecoregion is unique, encompassing one of the most biologically diverse arid regions on Earth.
The Gran Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland alluvial plain, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina and a portion of Brazil. With a high biodiversity, it contains South America's second largest forest, behind only the Amazon Rainforest.
La Gran Sabana is a region in southeastern Venezuela that offers one of the most unusual landscapes in the world, with rivers, waterfalls and gorges, deep and vast valleys, as well as impenetrable jungles and savannas. The region also hosts the isolated tabletop mesas locally known as tepuis.
Stretching across Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay, the Pantanal is a natural region encompassing the world's largest tropical wetland area. Although not as well known as the Amazon Rainforest to its north, this gigantic seasonal floodplain is also home to a staggering variety of plants and wildlife.