Spanning about 2,700 miles north to south, Chile’s natural landscape includes desert, grasslands, and shrublands as well as both temperate and tropical forests. Chile is generally divided by geographers into five regions or zones each having its own characteristic vegetation, fauna, climate, and topography.
Search LAC Geo
Landforms of Chile
The Altiplano is a high plateau region in west-central South America in the area where the Andes are the widest. The bulk of the Altiplano-Puna plateau lies in Bolivia but its northern parts lie in Peru and its southern parts lie in Chile and Argentina. The Altiplano Basin is a sedimentary basin located on the plateau.
The Altiplano-Puna volcanic complex is a major caldera and silicic ignimbrite volcanic field located in the southern portion of the Altiplano-Puna plateau, an elevated dry region in the central Andes that includes parts of Argentina, Bolivia and Chile. It includes two active geothermal fields: El Tatio and Sol de Manana.
The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the South American coast, segmented into four main areas of active volcanism. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean basin where earthquakes and eruptions occur due to the movement and collision of tectonic plates.
The Andes Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world. They form a continuous highland along the western coast of South America. The Andean Region extends from Caribbean Venezuela, through the Atacama Desert to cold, windy and wet Cape Horn.
The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.
The Atacama Plateau is an arid high plateau in the Andes of northern Argentina and extending into Chile. The "Puna de Atacama" is a cold desolate Andean tableland in northwestern Argentina and adjacent regions of Chile.
The Aucanquilcha volcano is located in the Antofagasta Region of northern Chile, between the Loa River and the border with Bolivia, within the Alto Loa National Reserve. It is part of the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes. Several sulfur mines lie in the Aucanquilcha complex.
Cajón del Maipo is a canyon located in the Andean region of Santiago, Chile. The canyon valley is surrounded by some of the highest peaks in the region including the San José, Maipo and Marmolejo volcanos. The canyon is a popular tourist destination, especially for trekking.
Cape Horn is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile. The Diego Ramírez Islands are a small group of islands located southwest of Cape Horn. The Drake Passage is the body of water between Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.
Cerro Castillo National Park is located in the Aysén Region of southern Chile, along the Carretera Austral. Named after the magnificent Cerro Castillo peak, its unique landscape contains hanging glaciers that form lagoons with bright turquoise waters.