The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.
The Atacama Plateau is an arid high plateau in the Andes of northern Argentina and extending into Chile. The "Puna de Atacama" is a cold desolate Andean tableland in northwestern Argentina and adjacent regions of Chile.
The Elqui Valley is a region centered on the Elqui River which flows from the western Andes to the Pacific Ocean in the north of Chile. Elqui is famous for its stunning landscape, bright sunshine, pure air and clear skies. The region produces wines, table grapes, fruits and pisco.
Humberstone and Santa Laura contain over 200 former saltpeter works where workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia lived in company towns and forged a distinctive communal pampinos culture. That culture is manifest in their rich language, creativity, solidarity, and their pioneering struggle for social justice.
Llanos de Challe National Park is located along the coast of northern Chile's Atacama Region and features a coastal desert ecosystem which is habitat for rare and threatened plant species. It is one of the southernmost locations of the coastal desert lomas.
Los Flamencos National Reserve is a nature reserve located in the Antofagasta Region of northern Chile. The reserve has a desert climate and is divided into seven sectors. Notable sectors include the vast salt flats of Salar de Atacama and Valle de la Luna (Moon Valley).
Pan de Azúcar National Park is located along the northern coast of Chile. A popular Humboldt penguin breeding ground, it contains two main ecosystems: the coastal desert of Taltal and the steppe desert of the Sierra Vicuña Mackenna.
San Pedro de Atacama is a town and commune in the Antofagasta Region of northern Chile. The town grew, over centuries, around an oasis in the Puna de Atacama — an arid high plateau. It has become a popular tourist destination due to its proximity to various cultural and natural sites.