Campos Amazônicos National Park is located in northwestern Brazil. It stretches through the state of Amazonas, crossing into the neighboring states of Rondônia and Mato Grosso. It is part of an ecological corridor intended to contain agricultural expansion into the central Amazon.
Campos Amazônicos National Park
Campos Amazônicos National Park is located in northwestern Brazil. Its total area of 961,320 ha (2,375,473 acres) stretches through the state of Amazonas, crossing into the neighboring states of Rondônia and Mato Grosso.
The park lies to the south of the Trans-Amazonian Highway (BR-230). It is bordered to the south by the Tucumã State Park in the state of Mato Grosso and the Manicoré State Forest and Guariba Extractive Reserve in the state of Amazonas.
Campos Amazônicos National Park forms part of an ecological corridor that includes:
Xingu Indigenous Park in the states of Mato Grosso and Pará
Terra do Meio Mosaic in the state of Pará
Juruena National Park in the states of Amazonas and Mato Grosso
Apuí Mosaic in the state of Amazonas
The corridor is intended to contain agricultural expansion into the central Amazon region and deforestation of the rainforest. The park is supported by the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program.
The terrain is generally flat, with some gently rolling stretches. It is laced with slow, meandering rivers. It contains parts of the basins of the Machado and Roosevelt rivers and contains the headwaters of the dos Marmelos and Manicoré rivers.
The Roosevelt River flows through the park from south to north. The Jiparaná River (Machado River) forms the park's southern boundary in Rondônia.
Campos Amazônicos National Park is located within the Amazon biome. The average annual rainfall is 2,300 mm (91 in). Temperatures range from 12 to 32 °C (54 to 90 °F) with an average of 27 °C (81 °F).
The park holds an important enclave of cerrado including grasslands, campos sujos and cerradão in the areas of contact with the forest, and gallery forest in the wetlands. It also contains typical Amazon dense rainforest and open rainforest.
Few detailed studies of flora and fauna have been undertaken. The Manicore marmoset (Mico manicorensis) was discovered in the forest. The savanna enclaves are seen by biologists as important in understanding the evolutionary dynamics of the Amazonian biota. There is a high diversity of birds.
The forest may provide a breeding ground for several commercially important species of fish. Mixed groups of woolly monkeys and white-nosed saki (Chiropotes albinasus) have been observed, an unusual occurrence in the Amazon.
Classed as IUCN protected area category II (national park), the Campos Amazônicos National Park is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).