Madidi National Park is located in the upper Amazon River basin of Bolivia, close to the borders of Peru and Brazil. The National Park is located in one of Earth's most biologically diverse regions that range from glacier-covered Andean mountain peaks to tropical rainforests.
Madidi National Park
Madidi National Park is located in the upper Amazon River basin of northwestern Bolivia, close to the borders with Peru and Brazil. Established in 1995, it covers an area of approximately 1,900,000 ha or 19,000 sq km (4,695,000 acres or 7,336 sq mi).
In terms of climate, the alpine region is cold, and the northern lowlands are tropical, while areas of intermediate elevation experience a more temperate climate
Madidi National Park is part of one of the largest protected regions in the world. Nearby protected areas (though not necessarily contiguous) include:
Manuripi-Heath Amazonian Wildlife National Reserve
Apolobamba Integrated Management Natural Area
Tambopata National Reserve (Peru)
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park (Peru)
Renowned for its astounding array of flora and fauna, the park boasts thousands of species of plants and wildlife: insects (over 120,000 species), mammals (272 species), fish (496 species), reptiles (204 species), amphibians (213 species) as well as more than 8,000 species of vascular plants.
Mammals include jaguars, sloths, vicuñas, pumas, spectacled bears, pink river dolphins, otters, peccaries and the recently discovered titi monkey.
Madidi National Park is also home to many of Bolivia's avian population. It is estimated that over 1,200 species can be found here, representing 14% of all bird species worldwide.
The National Park is home to 46 indigenous communities from six tribes: the Tacana, the Ese Ejja, the Tsimané, the Mosetén, and the voluntarily isolated Toromona.
Over the last 50 years, the Quechua and Aymara groups of Bolivia's Andean highlands have been migrating to the Madidi region, competing with the native lowland tribes.