Pilón-Lajas Biosphere Reserve (Bolivia)

Pilón-Lajas Biosphere Reserve (Bolivia)

Sat, 12/01/2018 - 16:52
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The Pilón-Lajas Biosphere Reserve is located on the far eastern spur of the Andes. It comprises mixed mountain and highland systems: low hills and Amazonian plains covered with tropical humid forests, subtropical and tropical forest, forests in ancient alluvial terraces, plus mountain and valley forests.

The Pilón-Lajas Biosphere Reserve is located in Bolivia on the far eastern spur of the Andes. The main river that flows in the protected area is the Quiquibey River. It lies largely within the Bolivian Yungas ecoregion. It comprises mixed mountain and highland systems: low hills and Amazonian plains covered with tropical humid forests, subtropical and tropical forest, forests in ancient alluvial terraces, plus mountain and valley forests.

Some 70 mammal species have been reported including tapir (Tapirus terrestris), ring-tailed coati (Nasua nasua), spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus), and jaguar (Panthera onca), and 338 species of birds (from the genus Ara, Aratinga, Pyrrhura, Brotegris).

Over 160,000 inhabitants live in the Pilón-Lajas region of which 12,000 are Mosetenes, Tacanas and Chimane indigenous people groups who live in settlements inside the Biosphere Reserve, near the rivers and in colonization areas. Mixed populations work in agriculture (rice monoculture), mining, cattle grazing and timber and mostly live in urban centers.

Forest timber and unproductive agricultural systems give poor returns and the land is often turned into pasture, a process which threatens sustainable cultures and practices of the indigenous people. The main management goals are to guarantee territorial rights to indigenous people (Chimane and Mosetén) and promote their participation in the decision making processes in order to implement sustainable practices of natural resources.