Guatemala is the third-largest country in Central America. Situated in a geologically active region, its geography is characterized by three major geographic regions or zones: the Petén lowlands, the Guatemalan highlands, and the Pacific coast flatlands.
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Ecoregions of Guatemala
The Central American Atlantic moist forests ecoregion is found along the Caribbean coastal lowlands of Honduras, west into Guatemala and south into eastern Nicaragua. The ecoregion contains Central America's most significant single fragment of natural forest.
The Central American dry forests ecoregion spans several countries in Central America, including parts of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. It represents a transitional zone between the more humid tropical rainforests and the arid desert regions.
The Central American Montane Forests ecoregion comprises widely scattered small forest patches on the slopes of the highest mountains in Central America, extending from southern Mexico towards the southeast through Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
The Central American pine-oak forests ecoregion supports a rich assortment of conifer species. It spans the mid-elevations of the Mexican state of Chiapas, southern Guatemala, most of Honduras and El Salvador, and small areas of west-central Nicaragua.
The Yucatán moist forests are an ecoregion of the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome. This ecoregion serves as an important biological corridor between the northern Yucatán peninsula and the moist forests of Central America.