The Atacama Desert is located in northern Chile between Argentina on the west and the Pacific Ocean on the east. Sparsely populated and containing considerable mineral resources, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world.
Ecoregions of Chile
The Central Andean dry puna ecoregion is a very dry, high elevation grassland of the southern high Andes, extending through western Bolivia and northern Chile and Argentina. Dry puna is distinguished from other types of puna by its annual rainfall, or lack thereof.
Located on the west coast of South America, the Chilean Matorral is a terrestrial ecoregion of central Chile. It contains the majority of Chile's population and is typically characterized by a temperate Mediterranean climate. It is home to Chile's renowned wine and agricultural regions.
The Magellanic subpolar forests are a terrestrial ecoregion of southernmost South America, covering parts of southern Chile and Argentina. It is a temperate broadleaf and mixed forests ecoregion and contains the world's southernmost forests.
The Patagonian Desert, also known as the Patagonian Steppe, is a semiarid scrub plateau. The Patagonian steppe ecoregion, also known as the Magellanic Steppe, mainly covers the Patagonia region of Argentina to barely across the border into Chile.
The Valdivian temperate forests ecoregion is located in the southern cone of South America. It covers a narrow strip between the western slope of the Andes and the Pacific Ocean. The forests are characterized by their dense understories of bamboos, ferns and evergreen trees.