Ecoregions of Chile

Central Andean Dry Puna: An Arid Haven in the High Andes

The Central Andean Dry Puna, an arid haven in the high southern Andes of Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina, captivates with arid landscapes, salt flats, and ancient sea remnants. Unique vegetation adapted to extreme conditions and diverse fauna, from Andean camelids to elusive predators and unique birds, thrive in this high-elevation ecoregion. As a mosaic of arid splendor, the Central Andean Dry Puna unfolds a captivating story of adaptation and conservation.

The Chilean Matorral: A Mediterranean Jewel on South America's Pacific Coast

The Chilean Matorral ecoregion, nestled along the central Chilean coast, is a unique terrestrial ecosystem, a testament to the region's Mediterranean climate and rich biodiversity. Occupying a strategic position on the continent, bound to the west by the vast Pacific Ocean and to the east by the towering southern Andes mountain range, this long, narrow strip stretching along the western coast of South America is truly a jewel in Chile's ecological crown.

The Magellanic Subpolar Forests: A Comprehensive Exploration of Nature's Southern Frontier

At the southernmost reaches of South America, where the mighty Andes curve eastward and the glacial waters of the Southern Ocean collide with the rugged coastline, lies the Magellanic subpolar forests – a realm of untamed wilderness and extraordinary beauty. This terrestrial ecoregion, spanning parts of southern Chile and Argentina, is a testament to nature's resilience and the incredible diversity of life that thrives in even the harshest environments.

The Patagonian Grasslands: Guardians of the Windswept Plains

The Patagonian Grasslands ecoregion is situated in the southern part of Argentina. It is an example of nature's resilience in challenging conditions. This area falls under the biome of temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, which spans across the Neotropical realm. The region is a testament to the stunning beauty and biodiversity of the southern landscapes of Argentina.

The Southern Andean Steppe Ecoregion: A Land of Extremes

The Southern Andean steppe ecoregion in the high-altitude regions of the southern Andes in Chile and Argentina presents a landscape of stark beauty and harsh environmental conditions. This ecoregion is part of the Montane grasslands and shrublands biome and is characterized by its cold desert climate, sparse vegetation, and unique biodiversity.

Valdivian Temperate Forests: A Unique South American Ecoregion

The Valdivian temperate forests are a distinctive and vital ecoregion in the Southern Cone of South America, primarily on Chile's west coast, with a small extension into Argentina. This ecoregion spans a narrow continental strip between the western slope of the Andes and the Pacific Ocean and is part of the Neotropical ecozone. Renowned for its biodiversity and unique ecological characteristics, the Valdivian temperate forests are a treasure trove of flora and fauna, many of which are endemic to the region.