Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
Ciudad Perdida is an ancient Tayrona indigenous town and archaeological site carved into the mountainside in Colombia's Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta isolated mountain range. It is believed to have been founded about 800 CE, some 650 years earlier than Machu Picchu.
The Fuerte de Samaipata archaeological site consists of two parts: the hill believed to have been the ceremonial center of the old town and the administrative and residential district. The huge sculptured rock, dominating the town below, has no parallel anywhere in the Americas.
Moray is an archaeological site in Peru, northwest of Cuzco on a high plateau at about 11,500 ft and just west of the village of Maras. The site contains unusual Inca ruins, mostly consisting of several terraced circular depressions that suggest it was an agricultural laboratory.
The archaeological area of Tierradentro, with its complex of hypogeal, are a unique testimony to the everyday life and ritual of a developed and stable society. It also reveals the social complexity and cultural wealth of a pre-Hispanic society in the northern Andean region of South America.
The Parque Arqueológico do Solstício (Solstice Archaeological Park) is an archaeological park located in Amapá state, Brazil, near the city of Calçoene. The site contains a megalithic stone circle, colloquially known as the Amazon Stonehenge.
The Sacred City of Caral-Supe is a 5000-year-old archaeological site situated on a dry desert terrace overlooking the green valley of the Supe River in Peru. It dates back to the Late Archaic Period of the Central Andes and is the oldest center of civilization in the Americas.
The San Agustín Archaeological Park comprises three separate properties: San Agustín, Alto de los Ídolos and Alto de Las Piedras. The largest group of religious monuments and megalithic sculptures in South America stands in a wild, spectacular landscape.
The Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is in the former harbor area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Africans reaching the South American continent from 1811 onward.