Chan Chan was the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America. It was the seat of the ancient Chimú civilization before it fell to the Incas. It is now an archaeological site near Trujillo on northern Peru's desert coast.
Chavín de Huántar gave its name to the culture that developed between 1500 and 300 B.C. in this high valley of the Peruvian Andes. Chavin is one of the earliest and best known pre-Columbian sites and represents an important expression of the decorative arts and construction techniques of its time.
Ciudad Perdida is an ancient Tayrona indigenous town and archaeological site carved into the mountainside in Colombia's Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta isolated mountain range. It is believed to have been founded about 800 CE, some 650 years earlier than Machu Picchu.
Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas, contains an exceptional assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago. The people responsible for the paintings may have been the ancestors of the historic hunter-gatherer communities of Patagonia found by European settlers in the 19th century.
The Fuerte de Samaipata archaeological site consists of two parts: the hill believed to have been the ceremonial center of the old town and the administrative and residential district. The huge sculptured rock, dominating the town below, has no parallel anywhere in the Americas.
Embedded within a dramatic landscape at the meeting point between the Andes and the Amazon Basin, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere as well as the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization.
Moray is an archaeological site in Peru, northwest of Cuzco on a high plateau at about 11,500 ft and just west of the village of Maras. The site contains unusual Inca ruins, mostly consisting of several terraced circular depressions that suggest it was an agricultural laboratory.
The archaeological area of Tierradentro, with its complex of hypogeal, are a unique testimony to the everyday life and ritual of a developed and stable society. It also reveals the social complexity and cultural wealth of a pre-Hispanic society in the northern Andean region of South America.
The Parque Arqueológico do Solstício (Solstice Archaeological Park) is an archaeological park located in Amapá state, Brazil, near the city of Calçoene. The site contains a megalithic stone circle, colloquially known as the Amazon Stonehenge.
Qhapaq Ñan is an extensive Inca communication, trade and defense network of roads, covering more than 18,000 miles through one of the world’s most extreme geographical terrains. The road links the peaks of the Andes to the coast, running through rain forests, alleys and deserts.