Machu Picchu, located in the heart of the Peruvian Andes, is one of the world's most iconic and well-preserved archaeological sites. This remarkable Inca citadel, often referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas, has been a symbol of ancient Inca culture, architectural ingenuity, and natural beauty.
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Archaeological Sites in South America
The Nazca Lines are a group of very large geoglyphs formed by depressions or shallow incisions made in the soil of the Nazca Desert in southern Peru between 500 BC and 500 AD. The site is one of the most impressive-looking archaeological areas in the world.
Ollantaytambo is a town and archaeological site located at the northern edge of the Sacred Valley. A military, religious and agricultural center, it was a stronghold for the Inca resistance during the Spanish conquest of Peru and is the only Inca town still inhabited.
The Parque Arqueológico do Solstício (Solstice Archaeological Park) is located in Amapá state, Brazil, near the city of Calçoene. The site contains a pre-Columbian megalithic stone circle, colloquially known as the Amazon Stonehenge.
The Qhapaq Ñan, also known as the Andean Road System, is a marvel of engineering and culture that weaves together the diverse landscapes and societies of the Andes in South America. This intricate network of trails and roads traverses one of the world's most extreme geographical terrains.
The Sacred City of Caral-Supe is a well-preserved 5000-year-old archaeological site on a desert terrace overlooking the green valley of the Supe River in Peru. It dates back to the Late Archaic Period of the Central Andes and is the oldest center of civilization in the Americas.
The San Agustín Archaeological Park is located near the town of San Agustín in the Huila Department of Colombia. It represents the cultural and artistic achievements of a civilization that existed from the 1st to the 8th century in the northern Andean region. The park consists of three separate properties known as San Agustín, Alto de los Ídolos, and Alto de Las Piedras. It is home to South America's most extensive collection of religious monuments and megalithic sculptures.
Serra da Capivara National Park, a World Heritage Site located in Brazil's Northeast Region, was created to protect the prehistoric artifacts and paintings found there. Over 300 archaeological sites have been found, mainly consisting of rock and wall paintings dating from 50,000 - 30,000 years ago.
The National Archaeological Park of Tierradentro is located in southwestern Colombia within the Cordillera Central of the Colombian Andes. The World Heritage Site contains all known monumental shafts and chamber tombs of Tierradentro culture, their most prominent and elaborate tombs.
Tiwanaku is an extraordinary archaeological site that offers a glimpse into the advanced civilization that once flourished in Bolivia's Altiplano. Its World Heritage status recognizes this ancient city's cultural and historical significance, underscoring its enduring impact on the pre-Columbian civilizations of the Andean region.