Moray is an archaeological site in Peru, northwest of Cuzco on a high plateau at about 11,500 ft and just west of the village of Maras. The site contains unusual Inca ruins, mostly consisting of several terraced circular depressions that suggest it was an agricultural laboratory.
Archaeological Sites in South America
The National Archaeological Park of Tierradentro is located in southwestern Colombia within the Cordillera Central of the Colombian Andes. The World Heritage Site contains all known monumental shaft and chamber tombs of Tierradentro culture, the largest and most elaborate tombs of their kind.
The Nazca Lines are a group of very large geoglyphs formed by depressions or shallow incisions made in the soil of the Nazca Desert in southern Peru between 500 BC and 500 AD. The site is one of the most impressive-looking archaeological areas in the world.
The Parque Arqueológico do Solstício (Solstice Archaeological Park) is an archaeological park located in Amapá state, Brazil, near the city of Calçoene. The site contains a megalithic stone circle, colloquially known as the Amazon Stonehenge.
The Sacred City of Caral-Supe is a 5000 year old archaeological site, situated on a dry desert terrace, overlooking the green valley of the Supe River in Peru. It dates back to the Late Archaic Period of the Central Andes and is the oldest center of civilization in the Americas.
The San Agustín Archaeological Park comprises three separate properties: San Agustín, Alto de los Ídolos and Alto de Las Piedras. The largest group of religious monuments and megalithic sculptures in South America stands in a wild, spectacular landscape.
Serra da Capivara National Park, in northeast Brazil, bears exceptional testimony to one of the oldest populations to inhabit South America. It preserves preserves the largest ensemble of archaeological sites and oldest examples of rock art in the Americas: Boqueirão da Pedra Furada.
The city of Tiwanaku was the capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire that dominated a large area of the southern Andes and beyond. Its monumental remains testify to the cultural and political significance of this civilization which is distinct from any of the other pre-Hispanic empires of the Americas.
The Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is in the former harbor area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Africans reaching the South American continent from 1811 onward.