Colombia is considered a land of extremes. Located in northwestern South America, its geographic landscape varies from the snow-covered Andes mountains to the tropical beaches of the Caribbean Sea. Due to its variety of ecosystems, Colombia is among the top countries in terms of biodiversity.
Search LAC Geo
Ecoregions of Colombia
Chocó-Darién Moist Forests Ecoregion (Colombia, Panama) The Editor Tue, 01/29/2019 - 21:28
The Chocó-Darién moist forests ecoregion extends along most of Colombia's Pacific coast, bounded to the east by the Andes, and along the Caribbean coast, north into Panama. The region has exceptionally high rainfall, and the forests hold incredible biodiversity.
Guajira-Barranquilla Xeric Scrub Ecoregion (South America) The Editor Mon, 11/19/2018 - 16:26
The Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub ecoregion, along the Caribbean Sea in northern Venezuela and Colombia, is a unique xerophytic area in the neotropics. Proposed as a bird center of endemism, this arid habitat is dominated by thorn scrub and succulents.
Guianan Highlands Moist Forests Ecoregion (South America) The Editor Fri, 11/09/2018 - 14:38
Situated primarily in southeastern Venezuela, the Guianan Highlands moist forests ecoregion is distinct from other ecoregions in Amazonia due to its montane physiography. It hosts vast expanses of tall primary rainforests and open, semi-treeless savannas interrupted by gallery forests.
The Llanos (Los Llanos) is a vast tropical grassland plain situated east of the Andes Mountains in northwestern South America, within Colombia and Venezuela. It is an ecoregion of the flooded grasslands and savannas terrestrial biome.
Magdalena Valley Dry Forests Ecoregion (Colombia) The Editor Tue, 01/29/2019 - 21:23
The Magdalena Valley dry forests are located between the Eastern and Central cordilleras of the Colombian Andes, along the dry inter-Andean valley formed by the Magdalena River, which flows north through the Andes to the Caribbean Sea.
Magdalena Valley Montane Forests Ecoregion (Colombia) The Editor Tue, 01/29/2019 - 21:25
The Magdalena Valley montane forests ecoregion is located in the Andes mountains of central Colombia. The ecoregion covers the higher land on both sides of the valley of the Magdalena River in the Colombian Andes.
The Santa Marta montane forests is an ecoregion in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, a massif on the Caribbean coast of northern Colombia. This ecoregion is a characteristic moist forest; however, it rises from a very different habitat of the xeric scrub and dry forest surrounding it.
The Santa Marta páramo occurs above the treeline in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta on Colombia's Caribbean coast. This high moorland ecoregion belongs to the Páramo (Andean Moorland) biome and is South America's northernmost section of páramo.
The Sinú Valley dry forests is an ecoregion in the north of Colombia at the northwestern extreme of the Andes range. The region is known for its tremendous biodiversity richness due to its high number of species and level of endemism.