Honduras, located in northern Central America, is mostly mountainous. Lowlands are situated along its Pacific and Caribbean coasts and the river valleys of the interior. Most of the population resides in the central highlands, an economically important agricultural region.
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Ecoregions of Honduras
The Central American Atlantic moist forests ecoregion is found along the Caribbean coastal lowlands of Honduras, west into Guatemala and south into eastern Nicaragua. The ecoregion contains Central America's most significant single fragment of natural forest.
The Central American dry forests ecoregion spans several countries in Central America, including parts of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. It represents a transitional zone between the more humid tropical rainforests and the arid desert regions.
The Central American Montane Forests ecoregion comprises widely scattered small forest patches on the slopes of the highest mountains in Central America, extending from southern Mexico towards the southeast through Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
The Central American pine-oak forests ecoregion supports a rich assortment of conifer species. It spans the mid-elevations of the Mexican state of Chiapas, southern Guatemala, most of Honduras and El Salvador, and small areas of west-central Nicaragua.