Ecoregions of Panama

The Chocó-Darién Moist Forests: A Biodiversity Hotspot

The Chocó-Darién moist forests ecoregion, spanning western Colombia and eastern Panama, is a true marvel of nature, renowned for its unparalleled species richness and ecological significance. This lowland area, nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the western range of the Andes Mountains, is a genuine biodiversity hotspot and is considered one of the most biologically diverse regions on the planet.

The Costa Rican Páramo: A High-Altitude Wonderland

Nestled within the towering peaks of the Cordillera de Talamanca, a mountain range that straddles the border between Costa Rica and western Panama, lies the Costa Rican páramo ecoregion. This unique and ethereal landscape stands as a testament to the incredible diversity of Central America's natural wonders. This moist montane grassland and shrubland ecosystem is a world unto itself, where the boundaries between alpine tundra and cloud forest blur, creating a delicate and resilient tapestry of life.

The Talamancan Montane Forests: A High-Altitude Haven

Nestled within the rugged highlands of northwestern Costa Rica and western Panama, the Talamancan Montane Forests ecoregion is one of Central America's most intact and biologically diverse ecosystems. This discontinuous expanse of montane forests, cloaked in mist and draped across the region's towering mountain ranges, harbors a wealth of endemic species and serves as a vital sanctuary for a multitude of flora and fauna.