Panama is the southernmost country of Central America, located on the elongated S-shaped Isthmus of Panama, the narrow land bridge that connects North and South America. Its landscape comprises three major physical regions: mountains, coastal lowlands, and archipelagos.
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Ecoregions of Panama
The Chocó-Darién moist forests ecoregion extends along most of Colombia's Pacific coast, bounded to the east by the Andes, and along the Caribbean coast, north into Panama. The region has exceptionally high rainfall, and the forests hold incredible biodiversity.
The Costa Rican páramo is a moist montane grassland and shrubland ecoregion found in the higher elevations of Costa Rica and western Panama within the Cordillera de Talamanca. It is one of Central America's most intact habitats, with high biological richness.
The Talamancan Montane forests ecoregion is one of Central America's most intact habitats with high species diversity. The ecoregion covers a discontinuous area within the highlands of northwestern Costa Rica and western Panama, protected by numerous parks and reserves.