Panama is the southernmost country of Central America, located on the elongated S-shape Isthmus of Panama, the narrow land bridge that connects North and South America. Its landscape consists of three major physical regions: mountains, coastal lowlands, and archipelagos.
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Ecoregions of Panama
The Chocó-Darién moist forests ecoregion extend along most of the Pacific coast of Colombia, bounded to the east by the Andes; and along the Caribbean coast, north into Panama. The region has extremely high rainfall and the forests hold great biodiversity.
The Costa Rican páramo is a montane moist grassland and shrubland ecoregion that is found in the higher elevations of Costa Rica and western Panama, within the Cordillera de Talamanca. It is one of Central America's most intact habitats, with high biological richness.
The Talamanca Montane forests ecoregion is one of Central America's most intact habitats with very high species diversity. The ecoregion covers a discontinuous area within the highlands of northwestern Costa Rica and western Panama which is protected by numerous parks and reserves.