Ecoregions of Peru

Central Andean Wet Puna: Where Mountains and Wetlands Converge

The Central Andean wet puna ecoregion, a gem in the southern high Andean Mountains of Peru and eastern Bolivia, reveals itself as a high-elevation, moist, montane grassland. Marked by snow-capped peaks, mountain pastures, high lakes, plateaus, and valleys, this region extends beyond the tree line, forming a distinctive composition of landscapes.

Peruvian Yungas: Biodiversity Oasis in the Andean Highlands

Nestled along the eastern slopes and central valleys of the Peruvian Andes, the Peruvian Yungas ecoregion, which encompasses a vast expanse from northernmost to southernmost Peru, emerges as a biological treasure trove. This sub-tropical montane region, characterized by its deciduous and evergreen forests, contributes significantly to the rich biodiversity of the Neotropics.

The Central Andean Puna: Unveiling the High-Elevation Wonders

Nestled high amidst the jagged, snow-covered peaks of the Southern Andes lies the Central Andean Puna - a land of rugged resilience crafted from pristine pampas and awe-inspiring altiplano plains. This high-altitude montane grassland stretches across the southern regions of Peru, traversing the rugged Bolivian Altiplano and dipping into the northern corners of Argentina.

The Sechura and Nazca Deserts: Exploring Peru's Desert Wonders

Peru is a country with diverse landscapes and natural wonders. It has two contrasting yet equally captivating deserts along its western coastline—the Sechura and Nazca Deserts. The relentless forces of nature have shaped these arid expanses and stand as testaments to the resilience of life in extreme environments. They offer a unique blend of geological marvels and biodiversity.

The Tumbes-Piura Dry Forests: A Biodiversity Hotspot within the Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena Region

The Tumbes-Piura dry forests ecoregion is nestled along the Pacific coast of northwestern Peru and southwestern Ecuador. This unique and remarkable ecosystem is part of the larger Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena biodiversity hotspot. This ecoregion, often overshadowed by the more well-known tropical rainforests of the Amazon basin, is a biodiversity hotspot in its own right, harboring an exceptional concentration of endemic species and facing significant conservation challenges.